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Ib Ravn

Normative Action Research

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  • Oguz Baboroglu, Clarkson University, USA
  • Ib Ravn
  • Learning Lab Denmark
This paper presents an argument for an enrichment of action research methodology. To the current state of action research, we add a constructivist epistemological argument, as well as a crucial inspiration from some futures-oriented planning approaches. Within the domain of social/organizational research, the futures perspective implies that knowledge of the social/organizational world must be based upon images of desirable futures, so-called "futures theories", not causal descriptions of a problematic present. Futures theories identify ends and means for individual and organizational development. They are generated jointly by the stakeholders of a system and the involved action researchers and are tested every time that the prescriptions for action contained in them are followed by a system's stakeholders.
TidsskriftOrganization Studies
Sider (fra-til)19-34
Antal sider16
StatusUdgivet - 1992


  • Aktionsforskning, Normativ forskning, Planlægning, Konstruktivisme, Erkendelsesteori, Teori

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