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Henrik Balslev

A robust and well-resolved phylogeny of Bactridinae (Arecaceae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences

Publikation: KonferencebidragKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskning

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A robust and well-resolved phylogeny of Bactridinae (Arecaceae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. / Eiserhardt, Wolf L.; Pintaud, Jean-Christophe; Asmussen-Lange, Conny; Hahn, William J.; Bernal, Rodrigo; Balslev, Henrik; Borchsenius, Finn.

2010. Abstract fra PALMS 2010 - International Symposium on the Biology of the Palm Family, Montpellier, Frankrig.

Publikation: KonferencebidragKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskning

Harvard

Eiserhardt, WL, Pintaud, J-C, Asmussen-Lange, C, Hahn, WJ, Bernal, R, Balslev, H & Borchsenius, F 2010, 'A robust and well-resolved phylogeny of Bactridinae (Arecaceae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences', Montpellier, Frankrig, 05/05/2009 - 07/05/2010, .

APA

Eiserhardt, W. L., Pintaud, J-C., Asmussen-Lange, C., Hahn, W. J., Bernal, R., Balslev, H., & Borchsenius, F. (2010). A robust and well-resolved phylogeny of Bactridinae (Arecaceae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. Abstract fra PALMS 2010 - International Symposium on the Biology of the Palm Family, Montpellier, Frankrig.

CBE

Eiserhardt WL, Pintaud J-C, Asmussen-Lange C, Hahn WJ, Bernal R, Balslev H, Borchsenius F. 2010. A robust and well-resolved phylogeny of Bactridinae (Arecaceae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. Abstract fra PALMS 2010 - International Symposium on the Biology of the Palm Family, Montpellier, Frankrig.

MLA

Vancouver

Eiserhardt WL, Pintaud J-C, Asmussen-Lange C, Hahn WJ, Bernal R, Balslev H o.a.. A robust and well-resolved phylogeny of Bactridinae (Arecaceae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. 2010. Abstract fra PALMS 2010 - International Symposium on the Biology of the Palm Family, Montpellier, Frankrig.

Author

Eiserhardt, Wolf L. ; Pintaud, Jean-Christophe ; Asmussen-Lange, Conny ; Hahn, William J. ; Bernal, Rodrigo ; Balslev, Henrik ; Borchsenius, Finn. / A robust and well-resolved phylogeny of Bactridinae (Arecaceae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. Abstract fra PALMS 2010 - International Symposium on the Biology of the Palm Family, Montpellier, Frankrig.

Bibtex

@conference{ac46cb4d61fb4357b53779373e4687fa,
title = "A robust and well-resolved phylogeny of Bactridinae (Arecaceae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences",
abstract = "Bactridinae include about 150 species of spiny Neotropical palms in five genera that are important in several vegetation types such as open woodlands (Acrocomia), lowland rainforest (Astrocaryum, Bactris) and montane forest (Aiphanes). The subtribe also includes the only lianescent palm genus in the Neotropics (Desmoncus). Phylogenetic relationships within this ecologically diverse group are, however, poorly known and past studies have failed in providing robust resolution of intergeneric relationships. We present a fully resolved molecular phylogeny of 41 species of Bactridinae, representing all genera as well as most of the currently accepted infrageneric taxa and recently proposed informal groups. Analyses are based on five plastid DNA regions (matK, trnQ-rps16, rps16 intron, trnD-trnT, trnL-trnF) and three nuclear markers (PRK, RPB2, ITS). A combined dataset was analysed with likelihood and parsimony methods. The results show that all accepted taxa at and above genus level are monophyletic with high support. Astrocaryum alatum and A. mexicanum, recently segregated into a genus of their own (Hexopetion Burret), form a monophyletic sister group of the remaining Astrocaryum species. Desmoncus and Acrocomia are resolved as sister genera, and together they are sister to the remaining Bactridinae. This finding is in contrast to two previous studies that found Acrocomia to be sister to the rest of the subtribe. Aiphanes is resolved as sister group of Bactris and Astrocaryum. Species-level relationships recovered within Astrocaryum and Bactris disagree to a large extent with infrageneric groups described in the literature, suggesting that morphological characters used for grouping species are homoplasious, especially within Bactris. Comprehensively sampled molecular phylogenies are clearly needed to infer species-level relationships and to identify morphological synapomorphies within these genera. A relaxed clock Bayesian dating analysis indicates that most genera of the Bactridinae diverged during a relatively short period around the Eocene-Oligocene boundary (33-35.5 mya). The mostly Andean genus Aiphanes shows an initial radiation of early lineages in the Oligocene (26 mya) corresponding to an early uplift phase of the cordillera. These taxa have today a relict distribution in mountain forests of Colombia and Ecuador. The major diversification of Aiphanes began in the Miocene (around 11 mya). This study provides the first substantial insight into Bactridinae phylogeny and thereby sets the stage for more comprehensively sampled species-level studies analysing drivers of diversity of Neotropical palms, speciation patterns, character evolution or biogeography.",
author = "Eiserhardt, {Wolf L.} and Jean-Christophe Pintaud and Conny Asmussen-Lange and Hahn, {William J.} and Rodrigo Bernal and Henrik Balslev and Finn Borchsenius",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
note = "PALMS 2010 - International Symposium on the Biology of the Palm Family ; Conference date: 05-05-2009 Through 07-05-2010",

}

RIS

TY - ABST

T1 - A robust and well-resolved phylogeny of Bactridinae (Arecaceae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences

AU - Eiserhardt, Wolf L.

AU - Pintaud, Jean-Christophe

AU - Asmussen-Lange, Conny

AU - Hahn, William J.

AU - Bernal, Rodrigo

AU - Balslev, Henrik

AU - Borchsenius, Finn

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Bactridinae include about 150 species of spiny Neotropical palms in five genera that are important in several vegetation types such as open woodlands (Acrocomia), lowland rainforest (Astrocaryum, Bactris) and montane forest (Aiphanes). The subtribe also includes the only lianescent palm genus in the Neotropics (Desmoncus). Phylogenetic relationships within this ecologically diverse group are, however, poorly known and past studies have failed in providing robust resolution of intergeneric relationships. We present a fully resolved molecular phylogeny of 41 species of Bactridinae, representing all genera as well as most of the currently accepted infrageneric taxa and recently proposed informal groups. Analyses are based on five plastid DNA regions (matK, trnQ-rps16, rps16 intron, trnD-trnT, trnL-trnF) and three nuclear markers (PRK, RPB2, ITS). A combined dataset was analysed with likelihood and parsimony methods. The results show that all accepted taxa at and above genus level are monophyletic with high support. Astrocaryum alatum and A. mexicanum, recently segregated into a genus of their own (Hexopetion Burret), form a monophyletic sister group of the remaining Astrocaryum species. Desmoncus and Acrocomia are resolved as sister genera, and together they are sister to the remaining Bactridinae. This finding is in contrast to two previous studies that found Acrocomia to be sister to the rest of the subtribe. Aiphanes is resolved as sister group of Bactris and Astrocaryum. Species-level relationships recovered within Astrocaryum and Bactris disagree to a large extent with infrageneric groups described in the literature, suggesting that morphological characters used for grouping species are homoplasious, especially within Bactris. Comprehensively sampled molecular phylogenies are clearly needed to infer species-level relationships and to identify morphological synapomorphies within these genera. A relaxed clock Bayesian dating analysis indicates that most genera of the Bactridinae diverged during a relatively short period around the Eocene-Oligocene boundary (33-35.5 mya). The mostly Andean genus Aiphanes shows an initial radiation of early lineages in the Oligocene (26 mya) corresponding to an early uplift phase of the cordillera. These taxa have today a relict distribution in mountain forests of Colombia and Ecuador. The major diversification of Aiphanes began in the Miocene (around 11 mya). This study provides the first substantial insight into Bactridinae phylogeny and thereby sets the stage for more comprehensively sampled species-level studies analysing drivers of diversity of Neotropical palms, speciation patterns, character evolution or biogeography.

AB - Bactridinae include about 150 species of spiny Neotropical palms in five genera that are important in several vegetation types such as open woodlands (Acrocomia), lowland rainforest (Astrocaryum, Bactris) and montane forest (Aiphanes). The subtribe also includes the only lianescent palm genus in the Neotropics (Desmoncus). Phylogenetic relationships within this ecologically diverse group are, however, poorly known and past studies have failed in providing robust resolution of intergeneric relationships. We present a fully resolved molecular phylogeny of 41 species of Bactridinae, representing all genera as well as most of the currently accepted infrageneric taxa and recently proposed informal groups. Analyses are based on five plastid DNA regions (matK, trnQ-rps16, rps16 intron, trnD-trnT, trnL-trnF) and three nuclear markers (PRK, RPB2, ITS). A combined dataset was analysed with likelihood and parsimony methods. The results show that all accepted taxa at and above genus level are monophyletic with high support. Astrocaryum alatum and A. mexicanum, recently segregated into a genus of their own (Hexopetion Burret), form a monophyletic sister group of the remaining Astrocaryum species. Desmoncus and Acrocomia are resolved as sister genera, and together they are sister to the remaining Bactridinae. This finding is in contrast to two previous studies that found Acrocomia to be sister to the rest of the subtribe. Aiphanes is resolved as sister group of Bactris and Astrocaryum. Species-level relationships recovered within Astrocaryum and Bactris disagree to a large extent with infrageneric groups described in the literature, suggesting that morphological characters used for grouping species are homoplasious, especially within Bactris. Comprehensively sampled molecular phylogenies are clearly needed to infer species-level relationships and to identify morphological synapomorphies within these genera. A relaxed clock Bayesian dating analysis indicates that most genera of the Bactridinae diverged during a relatively short period around the Eocene-Oligocene boundary (33-35.5 mya). The mostly Andean genus Aiphanes shows an initial radiation of early lineages in the Oligocene (26 mya) corresponding to an early uplift phase of the cordillera. These taxa have today a relict distribution in mountain forests of Colombia and Ecuador. The major diversification of Aiphanes began in the Miocene (around 11 mya). This study provides the first substantial insight into Bactridinae phylogeny and thereby sets the stage for more comprehensively sampled species-level studies analysing drivers of diversity of Neotropical palms, speciation patterns, character evolution or biogeography.

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -