Aarhus Universitets segl

Georg Sørensen

Professor emeritus

Curriculum Vitae


Professor, International Politics and Economics, Department of Political Science and Government, University of Aarhus. Appointed Jens Christian Skou Senior Fellow, Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies, for one year, beginning 1 February, 2014.

Major academic credentials:

  • Recent book on liberal world order (2011) finalist, 2012 Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order. Cited as “concise, sharp, balanced, and indeed critical. This makes it a masterpiece of liberal thinking” (Michael Zürn).
  • Recent book on fragile states (2012) cited as “tightly argued and brilliantly written … worth a whole library of studies on nation-building, fragile states and foreign interventions” (Pierre Hassner, Survival 2012).
  • Recent book on democracy and democratization shortlisted for Estoril Prize, 2009.
  • Book on “Changes in Statehood” (2001) called “a tour de force. Georg Sørensen integrates some of the best European and American thinking on international relations into an original argument” (Robert O. Keohane).
  • Textbook on Introduction to International Relations (5th ed., 2012), cited as an “elegantly written, comprehensive and masterful text” (Michael Stohl), “an outstanding textbook” (William Bain). 75,000 copies in English plus seven additional languages.


English fluent, German near fluent, reads French, Spanish, Portuguese.


MA, political science (1975)

PhD, social science (1983) (Transnational Corporations and Economic Development in Brazil)

Dr.scient.pol. (1993) (Democracy and Development.)


1978-1979:           Assistant Lecturer, development theory, Aarhus Univ.

1979-1981:           Lecturer, macro economics & international relations, Aalborg Univ.

1981-1983:           Research Fellow, transnationals in Brazil, Aalborg Univ.

1984-1989:           Senior Lecturer, International Economics and politics, Aalborg Univ.

1989-1995:           Senior Lecturer, International politics, Aarhus Univ.

1995- :                 Professor, International Politics and Economics, Aarhus Univ.


1994-1995:            Visiting scholar, School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, University of California, San Diego.

1999, fall term:      Visiting Professor, Freie Universität, Berlin.

2007, spring term:  Guest Professor, WZB (Wissenschaftzentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung).

2007, spring term:  Guest Professor, Hertie School of Governance, Berlin (teaching: rated best Professor of the term).

Guest lectures in:   Canada, Germany, England, Ireland, Latvia, Sweden, Norway, Finland, USA (including Princeton University (2013); Oxford University (2012).                      



Further information at: http://pure.au.dk/portal/da/persons/id(dfe9f8e4-b2c8-4c97-8f87-20907b1f98bf).html (full information about all publications since 2001).



Fragile States: Violence and the Failure of Intervention, London: Polity Press, 2012 (w/Lothar Brock, Hans Henrik Holm and Michael Stohl).

A Liberal World Order in Crisis. Choosing Between Imposition and Restraint, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2011.

Danmark og de fremmede: Om mødet med den arabisk-muslimske verden. / Knudsen, Tonny Brems (Redaktør); Pedersen, Jørgen Dige (Redaktør); Sørensen, Georg (Redaktør), Aarhus: Systime Academic, 2009. 247 s.

The Transformation of the State. Beyond the Myth of Retreat, London: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2004. Translated to Spanish.

States, Markets, and Just Growth. Development in the Twenty-first Century. Red./Kohli, A.; Moon, Chung-in; Sørensen, G. Tokyo/New York/Paris: United Nations University Press, 2003.

Changes in Statehood: The Transformation of International Relations, London: Palgrave, 2001. Translated to Czech.

Introduction to International Relations. Theories and approaches, (with Robert Jackson), Oxford: Oxford University Press (1999; 2nd ed. 2003, 3rd ed. 2007, 4th ed. 2010, 5th ed. 2013). Translated to Chinese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, and Italian.

Whose World Order? Uneven Globalization and the End of the Cold War, (edited, with Hans-Henrik Holm), Westview Press, 1995.

Democracy and Democratization. Processes and Prospects in a Changing World, Boulder: Westview, Dilemmas in World Politics, hc. & pb., 1993, 2nd ed. 1998, 3rd ed. 2008. Translated to Korean, Indonesian and Farsi.

Political Conditionality: Problems and Promises, London: Frank Cass. 1993. Appeared also as a special issue of European Journal of Development Research.

Democracy, Dictatorship and Development. Economic Development in Selected Regimes of the Third World, London: Macmillan, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1991.

Udviklingsteori og den tredje verden, Aalborg: Aalborg University Press. 6th edition 1992 (first published 1986).

Transnational Corporations in Peripheral Societies: Contributions Towards Self-Centred Development, Aalborg: Aalborg University Press (abbreviated English version of PhD-thesis).

International politik og marxisme, Aalborg: Aalborg University Press, 5th edition 1984 (first published 1980).

And Now What? International Politics After the Cold War. Essays in Honour of Nikolaj Petersen, (ed. w/HH Holm), Aarhus: Politica.

State Enterprise: Development or Business as Usual? (ed., w/OJ Sørensen plus chapter), Aalborg: Aalborg University Press, 1982.

Chile 1970-73: Et eksempel på østeuropæisk udviklingsstrategi? (m/Jakob Simonsen). Aarhus: Institut for Statskundskab, 1976).

Articles (international journals, peer reviewed):

‘Can Europe Actually Make It?’, 04 december 2012. !!Available from http://www.opendemocracy.net/georg-s%C3%B8rensen/can-europe-actually-make-it

‘A Liberal Order in Crisis. Choosing between imposition and restraint’, The Montréal Review, 2012.

‘Reinventing Europe’01 januar 2012. Available from http://www.ecfr.eu/blog/entry/reinventing_europe_georg_srensen.

‘Fragile States and Violence: The Limits of External Assistance’. / Brock, Lothar; Holm, Hans Henrik; Sørensen, Georg; Stohl, Michael. In: Global Dialogue, 13:1, 2011, pp. 46-56.

‘Big and Important Things in IR: Structural Realism and the Neglect of Changes in Statehood’, International Relations, 23:2, 2009, pp. 223-41.

‘The Case for Combining Material Forces and Ideas in the Study of IR’, European Journal of International Relations, 14:5, 2008, pp. 5-32.

‘After the Security Dilemma: The Challenges of Insecurity in Weak States and the Dilemma of Liberal Values’, Security Dialogue, 38:3, 2007, pp. 357-78.

’Ein liberales Dilemma. Zwischen Respekt vor Souveränitet und Pflicht zur Intervention’ I: W Z B - Mitteilungen, Nr. 116, 2007, pp. 12-15.

‘Underlying Structural Factors Shaping Power and Politics in Weak States’ I: Forum for Development Studies, 33:2, 2006, pp. 267-281.

‘What Kind of World Order? A Response to Critics’. I: Cooperation and Conflict, 41:4, 2006, pp. 397-406.

‘Liberalism of Restraint and Liberalism of Imposition: Liberal Values and World Order in the New Millennium’, International Relations, 2006.

‘What Kind of World Order? The International System in the New Millennium’, Cooperation and Conflict, 2006.

’Setzt die Eliten unter Druck!’ I: Der Überblick. Zeitschrift für ökumenische Begegnung und internationale Zusammenarbeit, 38:1, 2002, pp. 89-92.

‘War, State-Making and the Third World’, Security Dialogue 32:3, 2001, pp. 341-54.

’Rethinking Sovereignty and Development’, Journal of International Relations and Development, 2:3, 2000, pp. 391-402.

‘Sovereignty: Change and Continuity in a Fundamental Institution’, Political Studies 47:3 (1999).

‘IR theory after the Cold War’, Review of International Studies, 6, Special Issue (December 1998), pp. 83-100.

‘States are not “like units”: Types of State and Forms of Anarchy in the Present International System’, The Journal of Political Philosophy 6:1, March 1998, pp. 79-98.

‘An Analysis of Contemporary Statehood: Consequences for Conflict and Cooperation’, Review of International Studies, 23:3, 1997, pp. 253-69.

 ‘Development as a Hobbesian dilemma’, Third World Quarterly 17:5, 1996, pp. 903-16.

‘Individual Security and National Security: The State Remains the Principal Problem’, Security Dialogue 27:4, 1996, pp. 371-87.

‘A New World Order: The Withering Away of Anarchy and the Triumph of Individualism’ (med Hans-Henrik Holm), Cooperation and Conflict, 28:3, 1993, pp. 265-303.

‘Kant and Processes of Democratization: Consequences for Neorealist Thought’, Journal of Peace Research, 29:4, November 1992, pp. 397-415.

‘Utopianism in Peace Research: The Gandhian Heritage’, Journal of Peace Research, 29:2, 1992, pp. 135-44.

‘A Revised Paradigm for International Relations: The ‘Old’ Images and the Postmodernist Challenge’, Cooperation and Conflict, XXVI, 1991, pp. 85-116.

‘Strategies and Structures of Development: The New “Consensus” and the Limits of Its Promises’, The European Journal of Development Research, 3:2, 1991, pp. 121-45.

‘The Single European Market and Denmark’s Reactions’, på kinesisk i West European Studies (Beijing), 6, 1988, pp. 45-57.

‘Contradictions in a Rich Concept of Development. Problems of Welfare and the Quality of Life’, Bulletin of Peace Proposals, 18:1, 1987, pp. 55-63.

‘Peace and Security in Europe. The Context for Denmark’s Choices’, Cooperation and Conflict, XXI, 1986, pp. 219-240.

‘The Twists and Turns of Development Theory’, Journal of Peace Research, 23:1, 1986, pp. 77-86.

‘Peace and Development. Looking for the Right Track’, Journal of Peace Research, 22:1, 1985, pp. 69-78.

‘Internal and External Intertwined: 5 Obstacles to Development in India’, Guru Nanak Journal of Sociology, 9:1, April 1988, pp. 25-46.

‘How Cold is the Second Cold War? An Assessment of the Scope of the “Great Contest”’, Scandinavian Journal of Development Alternatives, 2, 1985, pp. 48-66.

Articles (in international books, peer reviewed):

‘Obstacles to Democracy and Democratization in Fragile States’, in: Democracy, Elections and Political Parties.: Essays in Honor of Jørgen Elklit. Red. / Jens Blom-Hansen; Christoffer Green-Pedersen; Svend-Erik Skaaning. 1. udg. Aarhus: Politica, 2012. pp. 30-39.

‘Globalisation and the nation-state’, in D. Caramani (ed.), Comparative Politics, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 451-67.

‘The Future of the State’, in Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Social and Political Theory. Red. / Gerard Delanty; Stephen P. Turner. London, New York: Routledge, 2011. pp. 395-405.

‘Free markets for all: The difficulties of maintaining a stable liberal world economy’. In: Governing the Global Economy: Politics, Institutions, and Economic Development. red. / Dag Harald Claes; Carl Henrik Knutsen. London: Routledge, 2011. pp. 70-90.

‘Democracy and Democratization’ in: Handbook of Politics: State and Society in Global Perspective. red. / Kevin T. Leicht; J. Craig Jenkins. 1. udg. New York: Springer Publishing Company, 2010. pp. 441-459.

‘Globalisation and Development: Ireland and Denmark in Comparative Perspective’, in: The Nation-State in Transformation. red. / Michael Böss. 1. udg. Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2010. pp. 233-47.

‘Globalisation, Values, and Global Governance’. In: Sustainable Development and Global Ethics. red. / Carl-Henric Grenholm; Normunds Kamergrauzis. Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet, 2007. pp. 65-79 (Uppsala Studies in Social Ethics 33).

‘Sovereignty’. I: Encyclopedia of Globalization. red. / Roland Robertson; Jan Aart Scholte. Vol. 1-4 Abingdon: Frank Cass Publishers, 2006.

‘Would it make sense to use the term "fragile statehood" as a category for orientation and action?’ I: Fragile Statehood. Can Stability and Peace be Advanced from Outside?. red. / Jörg Calliess. Loccum: Stollfuß Verlag Bonn GmbH & Co. KG, 2006. pp. 39-49.

‘The Transformation of the State’, pp. 190-209 in Colin Hay, Michael Lister and David March (eds.), The State. Theories and Issues, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

‘State Transformation and New Security Dilemmas’. / Sørensen, G.; Aydinli, E. (Redaktør); Rosenau, J.N. (Redaktør), Globalization, Security, and the Nation State, Paradigms in Transition. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2005. pp. 81-97.

‘Conclusion: The prospects for just growth’. / Moon, C.; Sørensen, G. I: States, Markets, and Just Growth. Development in the Twenty-first Century. red. / A. Kohli; C. Moon; G. Sørensen. Tokyo/New York/Paris: United Nations University Press, 2003. pp. 258-276.

‘Globalisation, Values and Global Governance’. I: Perspectives and Proposals from Scandinavian Scholars. red. / G. Bexell; D.E. Andersson. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2002. pp. 143-148.

‘The global polity and changes in statehood’. I: Towards a Global Polity. red. / M. Ougaard; R. Higgott. London and New York: Frank Cass Publishers, 2002. pp. 40-57.

‘The Impasse of Third World Democratization: Africa Revisited’, in M. Cox, GJ. Ikenberry and T. Inoguchi (eds), American Democracy Promotion: Impulses, Strategies, and Impacts, New York: Oxford University Press, 2000, pp. 287-307.

‘The Parameters of State Autonomy’, in: J. Degnbol-Martinussen (ed), External and Internal Constraints on Policy Making: How Autonomous are the States?, Roskilde: Roskilde University, 1999, pp. 87-99.

‘Changing States and the Security Problematique’, (w/Atul Kohli) in: M. Alagappa and T. Inoguchi (eds), International Security Management and the United Nations, Tokyo: UN Press, 1999, 21-24, pp. 103-7.

‘IR-theory After the Cold War’, in T. Dunne, M. Cox, and K. Booth (eds), The Eighty Years’ Crisis. International Relations 1919-1999, Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998, pp. 83-100.

’Redefining the Third World’ (w/N. Poku and L. Pettiford), in Poku and Pettiford, eds., Redefining the Third World, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1998, 1-15.

‘Inertia and Development Models’, pp. 159-77 i Nordal Åkerman (ed.), The Necessity of Friction. Nineteen Essays on a Vital Force, Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag, 1993.

‘Democracy and Authoritarianism: Consequences for Economic Development’, pp. 74-105 i Arve Ofstad and Arne Wiig (eds.), Development Theory: Recent Trends. Proceedings of the NFU Annual Conference 1992, Bergen: Chr. Michelsens Institute, 1993. (32 s). Publiceres af arrangørerne.

‘Teaching Concepts and Theory: A View from Denmark’, pp. 113-27 in: Lev S. Gonick and Edward Weisband (eds.), Teaching World Politics. Contending Pedagogies for a New World Order, Boulder: Westview, 1992.

‘Democracy, Dictatorship and Development. Consequences for Economic Development of Different Forms of Regime in the Third World, pp. 39-57 in Claude Auroi (ed), The Role of the State in Development Processes, London: Frank Cass, 1992.

‘Economics and Politics in International Relations’, pp. 36-60 i Helena Lindholm (ed.), Approaches to the Study of International Political Economy, Göteborg: Padrigu, 1992.

‘Third World Democratic Experiences and Development Theory’, pp. 86-107 i John Martinussen (ed.), Development Theory and the Role of the State in Third World Countries, Roskilde: International Development Studies. Også fremlagt ved IPSA SV World Congress, Buenos Aires, July 21-25, 1991.

‘Development through the Eyes of a Child’, pp. 196-212 i Elise Boulding m.fl. (ed.), Peace, Culture and Society. Transnational Research and Dialogue, Boulder: Westview, 1990.

‘Brazil’, pp. 101-21 i Jerker Carlsson and Timothy Shaw (eds.), Newly Industrialising Countries and the Political Economy of South-South Relations, London: Macmillan, 1988.

‘Peace and Security. Concepts and Strategies’, pp. 556-73 i Chadwick Alger and Michael Stohl (eds.), A Just Peace Through Transformation, Boulder: Westview, 1988.

‘Public Enterprise Interlinkages: A Structural Approach’, pp. 232-65 i Ricardo Acosta (ed.), The Management of Interlinkages, Ljubljana: International Center for Public Enterprises in Developing Countries, 1985.

Articles in Danish (journals and books, peer reviewed):

’Demokratisering, menneskerettigheder og problemet med svage stater’, i: International Politik NU. Red. Morten Winther Bülow; Tonny Brems Knudsen. Aarhus: Systime, 2011.

’Det internationale samfund og spørgsmålet om verdensorden, i: International Politik NU. red. / Morten Winther Bülow; Tonny Brems Knudsen. Systime, 2011. pp. 29-45, pp. 207-18.

’Om metode og god statskundskab’ i: Kandestøberen, 20:8, 2011, pp. 38-41.

’Globalisering og internationale forhold’ i: Globalisering--samfundsvidenskabelige perspektiver. red. / Morten Winther Bülow. 1. udg. Aarhus: Systime, 2009. pp. 81-95.

’International politik efter 1945’ i: Klassisk og moderne politisk teori. red. / Lars Bo Kaspersen; Jørn Loftager. 1. udg. København: Hans Reitzel, 2009. pp. 969-986.

’Krig og fred: Den tidlige IP-teori’ i: Klassisk og moderne politisk teori. red. / Lars Bo Kaspersen; Jørn Loftager. 1. udg. København: Hans Reitzel, 2009. pp. 629-645.

’Mødet med den arabisk-muslimske verden’/ Knudsen, Tonny Brems; Pedersen, Jørgen Dige; Sørensen, Georg. I: Danmark og de fremmede: Om mødet med den arabisk-muslimske verden. red. / Tonny Brems Knudsen; Jørgen Dige Pedersen; Georg Sørensen. 1. udg. Aarhus: Systime Academic, 2009. pp. 9-13.

’Verdensorden 2009: Et liberalt dilemma’. I: Perspektiver på politik: Bidrag til samfundsdebatten. red. / Jens Blom-Hansen; Jørgen Elklit. Systime Academic, 2009. pp. 332-338.

’Nationalstaternes rolle i international politik’. I: Udenrigs, 61:2, 2006, pp. 46-57.

’Fra 9.11. til 11.9. - Forandring og nye trusler’. I: 11. september. Internationale konsekvenser og perspektiver. red. / Mehdi Mozaffari. Aarhus: Systime, 2002. pp. 12-23.

’Statens, herunder militærets, rolle’, i: UM Tema 21, Voldelige konflikter i udviklingslandene, København, 2000, 1234-127.

’Det liberale fredsperspektiv i teori og praksis’, GRUS, 53, 1997, 7-25.

’Hvad er udvikling?’, Den Jyske Historiker, 1994 (19 s.). Også publiceret i Samfundsnyt, 102, 1993, pp. 19-30.

’International økonomisk politik’, Politica, 24:2, 1992, pp. 125-131.

’De Gode, de Onde og de Glemte: Transnationale selskaber og den tredje verden’ (med Laurids Lauridsen), Den Ny Verden, 23:1, 1990, pp. 235-63.

’Demokrati, diktatur og økonomisk udvikling’, Den Ny Verden, 22:3, 1989, pp. 187-205.

’Demokrati og økonomisk udvikling. En case-studie af Indien’, Politica, 21:1, 1989, pp. 27-54.

’Stavnsbåndsjubilæet og den aktuelle krise’, pp. 259-67 i Bertel Heurlin og Christian Thune (red.), Danmark og det internationale system – Festskrift til Ole Karup Pedersen, København: Forlaget Politiske Studier, 1989.

’FN – krise og reformer’, pp. 67-83 i Lars Christensen (red.), FN og U-landene frem mod år 2000, København: FN-forbundet, 1988.

’Verdenssystemet, de transnationale selskaber og u-landene’, Den Ny Verden, 18:1, 1985, pp. 8-33.

’Evolution og sociologisk udviklingsteori’, pp. 230-56 i Erik Schroll-Fleischer (red.), Evolution, kultur og samfund. Udviklingsteoretiske problemer i human- og samfundsvidenskaberne, Herning: Systime, 1983.

’The Missing Link: Om forholdet mellem udviklingsteorier, -strategier og –begreber’, Politica, 11:4, 1979, pp. 5-37.

’Den eurokommunistiske strategiopfattelse vurderet i lyset af den chilenske erfaring 1970-73’ (med Jakob Simonsen), Politica, 10:2, 1978, pp. 136-58.

’Kamp for en Gammel Økonomisk Verdensorden’, Politica, 10:1, 1978, pp. 87-111.

(Review articles, conference papers and occasional papers not included).

Administrative experience:

  • Member and chairman, Council for Development Policy, Denmark (Udviklingspolitisk Råd), 2013-..
  • Panel member, European Research Council, 2012-.
  • Member of the Board, Peace Research Institute of Oslo, 2013-..
  • Head of Department, 2001-2004.
  • Chairman of the Board, Danish Institute of International Studies, 2002-2010.
  • Member, Danish Social Science Research Council, 1999-2001.
  • Member, Scientific Advisory Board, Peace Research Institute of Frankfurt, 2006-14.
  • Member of Board of Dirs., Centre for Development Research, Copenhagen, 1989-95.
  • Member of Board of Dirs., Centre of Peace and Conflict Research, Copenhagen, 1988-91.
  • Member of Board of Dirs., Danish Ass. for Development Research, 1982-85.
  • Various administrative posts in the university system.
  • Member editorial board, Westview Press ‘Dilemmas in World Politics’ series.
  • Member editorial committee, Journal of Peace Research, 1991-99.
  • Editor, Politica, Aarhus Univ., 1995-98.
  • Editorial board/advisory board member (current): International Studies Quarterly, European Journal of International Relations, International Relations, International Relations of the Asia-Pacific.
  • Program Committee member, APSA 100th Annual Meeting, Chicago, 2004


  • Leader, expert panel, evaluation of Uppsala University (Quality and Renewal, KoF 2011)
  • Danida (evaluation of democracy assistance)
  • Sida, Norad (evaluation of projects in development research)
  • United Nations University (project on UN in the 21st century)
  • International Center for Public Enterprise (projects on the role of public enterprise in developing countries).
  • Various other consultancies for Danish and International organizations working with development and international relations.
  • Member and/or head of evaluation committees for positions of professor or associate professor, university and research institute positions in Denmark, Norway, Sweden, various European countries and the United States.

Awards & Grants:

  • Aarhus University Jubilee Foundation, Research Award 1994.
  • Various research grants, Aarhus University, Social Science Research Council, Council for Development Research, Council for Peace and Conflict Research, Nordic Council for International Relations.
  • Shortlisted for Estoril Global Issues Book Prize 2009 (Book: Democracy and Democratization)
  • Nominated for Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order, finalist 2012 (Book: A Liberal World Order in Crisis).