Three-dimensional evaluation of changes in upper airway volume in growing skeletal Class II patients following mandibular advancement treatment with functional orthopedic appliances

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  • Stig Isidor
  • ,
  • Gabriele Di Carlo, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Unit of Pediatric Dentistry, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy;
  • ,
  • Marie A Cornelis
  • Flemming Isidor
  • ,
  • Paolo M Cattaneo

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess three-dimensionally the upper airway changes following functional appliance treatment in growing Class II patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre-and post-treatment Cone beam computed tomography scans of 20 patients (age range: 9 to 12; mean: 11.4 ± 1.0 years) were retrieved from the list of patients previously treated with functional appliances in the Postgraduate Clinic at the Section of Orthodontics, Aarhus University, Denmark. Total and partial volumes of the upper airway (ie, lower nasopharynx, velopharynx, and oropharynx) were calculated. To rule out the effect of growth, the changes in the functional appliance group were compared to an age-matched Class I group of 18 patients (age range: 8 to 14; mean: 11.8 ± 1.4 years).

RESULTS: In the functional appliance group, all the partial and total volumes were significantly larger at the end of treatment when compared to the start of treatment ( P < .003). On the other hand, when comparing the changes for the total and partial volumes of the upper airway in the functional appliance group with the Class I group, a statistical difference was seen only for the oropharynx ( P = .022) and total volume ( P = .025), with the functional appliance group showing a larger volume increment.

CONCLUSIONS: An increase in the upper airway volume was found after treatment with functional appliances. This difference was mainly related to the changes at the oropharynx level, which differed significantly from what was observed in the Class I group.

TidsskriftThe Angle Orthodontist
Sider (fra-til)552-559
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2018

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