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Ellen Margrethe Hauge

Bone turnover markers are associated with bone density, but not with fracture in end stage kidney disease: a cross-sectional study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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BACKGROUND: Fracture risk is increased in chronic kidney disease (CKD), but assessment of bone fragility remains controversial in these patients. This study investigated the associations between bone turnover markers, bone mineral density (BMD), and prevalent fragility fracture in a cohort of kidney transplantation candidates.

METHODS: Volumetric BMD of spine and hip was measured by quantitative computed tomography. Parathyroid hormone (PTH), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, procollagen type-1 N-terminal propeptide, tartrate resistant alkaline phosphatase, and C- and N-terminal telopeptides of type 1 collagen were analyzed from fasting morning blood samples. Fragility fractures included prevalent vertebral fractures and previous low-trauma clinical fractures.

RESULTS: The fracture prevalence was 18% in 157 adult kidney transplant candidates. Fractured patients had reduced BMD and Z-score at both spine and hip. Levels of bone turnover markers were significantly higher in patients on maintenance dialysis than in pre-dialysis patients; but did not differ between patients with and without fracture. There were strong, positive correlations between PTH and all bone turnover markers. PTH was negatively associated with Z-score at lumbar spine and total hip; in contrast, bone turnover markers were only negatively associated with total hip Z-score.

CONCLUSIONS: Bone turnover markers were negatively associated with bone density, but not associated with prevalent fracture in kidney transplantation candidates. The role of bone turnover markers in assessing bone fragility in CKD will require further investigation.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov with identifier NCT01344434 .

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftB M C Nephrology
Vol/bind18
Nummer1
Sider (fra-til)284
ISSN1471-2369
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 6 sep. 2017

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