Psykologisk Institut

Dorthe Berntsen

Retrieval intentionality and forgetting: Effects of cue distinctiveness and the passage of time

Publikation: KonferencebidragPosterForskningpeer review

Forgetting, understood as a measurable reduction in memory accessibility over time, has been studied extensively in episodic memory for more than 130 years. However, this research has typically focused on voluntary memory – that is, information retrieved intentionally. Few studies have examined forgetting in relation to involuntary memories, that is, memories coming to mind spontaneously with no preceding attempt of retrieval. The purpose of the present studies was to investigate the effects of cue distinctiveness and the passage of time on the accessibility of involuntary and voluntary memories for pictures of scenes. For both types of retrieval, we examined the frequency of correct memories after a few minutes, 1 day, and 7 days; in Study 2, also after 3 days. Across both studies and both types of retrieval, distinct cues yielded better memory access than indistinct cues, and memory frequency dropped systematically with increased retention time. At the shortest retention interval, voluntary retrieval led to greater memory access than involuntary retrieval, but after one week, this advantage had disappeared. The findings suggest that memories for events become more cue-dependent over time, which limits the beneficial effects of strategic search associated with voluntary retrieval.
Udgivelsesår21 jun. 2018
StatusUdgivet - 21 jun. 2018
BegivenhedAutobiographical Memory and the Self - Radisson Blu, Aarhus, Danmark
Varighed: 20 jun. 201821 jun. 2018


KonferenceAutobiographical Memory and the Self
LokationRadisson Blu

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