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Dorte Marie Søndergaard

Bullying in schools

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Definitions of school bullying vary, when it comes to more detailed descriptions of what this entails and, not least, of why bullying occurs. Some definitions emphasize the individual’s personality and upbringing to explain the cause of bullying behavior. Other, more recent, definitions point to dysfunctional relational patterns in social groups characterized by low tolerance, leading to the upholding of norms that allow an ongoing production of contempt and social exclusion. A number of intervention strategies are employed in schools to intervene in bullying behavior. Research suggests that direct sanctions are less likely to effect more permanent changes to the social climate in a class blighted by bullying since they do not lead to a transformation of norms or relational patterns in the child community. Restorative strategies and mediation involves a dialogue between offender and victim facilitated by a peer or a teacher. A complication in relation to these strategies is that neither of them take into account that the sheltered space of facilitated dialogue differs radically from the shared community of the classroom, with its norms and positionings unchallenged by the mediated conversation.
Many studies have shown that a whole-school intervention can effect positive change in cases of bullying and prevent bullying. However, the teachers’ role in whole-school intervention strategies is particularly important. Research indicates that the ways in which teachers respond to students and form students’ capacity and possibilities for community building have a major impact on classroom culture.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelThe SAGE Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood Studies
RedaktørerDaniel Thomas Cook
Antal sider3
Vol/bind1
UdgivelsesstedThousand Oaks
ForlagSAGE Publications
Udgivelsesår2020
Sider170-172
ISBN (trykt)978-1-4739-4292-9
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-1-5297-1438-8
StatusUdgivet - 2020

    Forskningsområder

  • Bullying, Bullying in school, Bullying and children, Bullying and sanctions, Bullying and mediation, Bullying and restorative strategy, Whole school approach to bullying, Bullying and teachers, Bullying and intervention, Mobning, Grundskole, Børnekultur, Lærerprofession

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