Aarhus Universitet

Christian Bjerggaard Vægter

Sortilins in neuropathic pain

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskning

  • M Richner, The Lundbeck Foundation Research Center MIND, Department of Biomedicine, Ole Worms Allé 3 Building 1170, Aarhus University, 8000Aarhus, Denmark.
  • ,
  • O J Bjerrum, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Aarhus, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Y De Koninck, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.
  • ,
  • A Nykjaer
  • C B Vaegter

Background/aims The molecular mechanisms underlying neuropathic pain are incompletely understood, but recent data suggest that down-regulation of the chloride extruding co-transporter KCC2 in spinal cord sensory neurons is critical: Following peripheral nerve injury, activated microglia in the spinal cord release BDNF, which stimulates neuronal TrkB receptors and ultimately results in the reduction of KCC2 levels. Consequently, neuronal intracellular chloride ion concentration increases, impairing GABAA-receptor mediated inhibition. We have previously described how the receptor sortilin modulates neurotrophin signaling by facilitating anterograde transport of Trk receptors. Unpublished data further link SorCS2, another member of the Sortilins family of sorting receptors (sortilin, SorLA and SorCS1-3) to BDNF signaling by regulating presynaptic TrkB trafficking. The purpose of this study is to explore the involvement of Sortilins in neuropathic pain. Methods We subjected wild-type (wt), sortilin knockout (Sort1-/-) and SorCS2 knockout (SorCS2-/-) mice to the Spared Nerve Injury (SNI) model of peripheral nerve injury. Mechanical allodynia was measured by von Frey filaments using the up-down-up method and a 3-out-of-5 thresshold. Results As previously described by several groups, wt mice developed significant mechanical allodynia following SNI. Interestingly however, mice lacking sortilin or SorCS2 were fully protected from development of allodynia and did not display KCC2 down-regulation following injury. In addition, a single intrathecal injection of antibodies against sortilin or SorCS2 could delay or rescue mechanical allodynia in wt SNI mice for 2-3 days. Finally, neither sortilin nor SorCS2 deficient mice responded to intrathecal injection of BDNF, in contrast to wt mice which developed transient mechanical allodynia. Conclusion We hypothesize that sortilin and SorCS2 are involved in neuropathic pain development by regulating TrkB signaling. Alternatively, Sortilins may directly influence the regulation of KCC2 membrane levels following injury. Both hypotheses are currently being investigated by our group.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Pain
Vol/bind3
Nummer3
Sider (fra-til)183-183
Antal sider1
ISSN1877-8860
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012
Eksternt udgivetJa

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