Institut for Biomedicin

Christian Aalkjær

Vasorelaxation in isolated bone arteries. Vasoactive intestinal peptide, substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide, and bradykinin studied in pigs

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  • Institut for Fysiologi og Biofysik
  • Farmakologisk Institut
  • Ortopædkirurgisk Afdeling E, NBG
We assessed the effects of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P (SP), and bradykinin in arteries (diameter approximately 230 microns) isolated from cancellous bone from pigs. Arterial segments (2 mm long) were mounted on a myograph for measurement of isometric force development. After submaximal precontraction with norepinephrine, VIP (10(-10)-10(-7) M), CGRP (10(-11)-10(-7) M), SP (10(-6) M), and bradykinin (10(-11)-10(-6) M) were added. 44 arterial segments (23 pigs) were investigated. VIP-, CGRP-, and bradykinin induced a concentration-dependent vasorelaxation, while SP mediated a transient relaxation. After mechanical removal of the endothelium, the effects of SP and bradykinin were completely abolished, while the relaxation to CGRP was still pronounced. This indicates that the effects of SP and bradykinin are mediated by the endothelium, while CGRP mainly mediates relaxation by a direct effect on vascular smooth muscle cells. The relaxations to CGRP and bradykinin were still significant after inhibition of nitric oxide synthase with 10(-4) M N omega-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) and inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis with 10(-5) M indomethacin, indicating the existence of an alternative vasorelaxing pathway. Our findings support the theory of a vasoregulatory role of neuropeptides in bone.
TidsskriftActa Orthopaedica (Print Edition)
Sider (fra-til)481-489
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 1 okt. 1997

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