Institut for Biomedicin

Christian Aalkjær

The relation between peripheral vascular structure, left ventricular hypertrophy, and ambulatory blood pressure in essential hypertension

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  • Institut for Fysiologi og Biofysik
  • Farmakologisk Institut
  • Medicinsk-Kardiologisk Afdeling A, THG
  • Medicinsk afd., Viborg
The relations between left ventricular mass (LVM), peripheral resistance artery structure, and ambulatory BP were studied in 83 patients with previously untreated or poorly regulated essential hypertension and 20 healthy controls of similar age and sex. LVM was assessed by echocardiography. Signs of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) were present in 67 (81%) of the patients and in none of the controls. Peripheral resistance arteries were isolated from surgical gluteal skin biopsies and mounted in a Mulvany-Halpern isometric small vessel myograph, and their media:lumen ratio, media thickness, and media cross-sectional area were determined under standardized conditions. Mean (+/- SD) ambulatory BP was 122 +/- 9 mm Hg among patients and 96 +/- 8 mm Hg among controls (P <.001). LVM was 327 +/- 99 g among patients and 197 +/- 37 g among controls (P <.001). Media thickness of resistance arteries was 21.0 +/- 4.2 microns among hypertensives and 16.2 +/- 2.6 microns among controls (P <.001). The media:lumen ratio of arteries from patients was 10.2 +/- 2.6% v 7.9 +/- 2.0% in arteries of similar internal diameter from controls (P <.01). Both LVM index (LVMI) and media/lumen ratio correlated significantly with BP. There was significant correlation between media:lumen ratio and LVMI among hypertensive patients (r = 0.45, P <.001), but if patients were subdivided according to the presence of LVH this correlation was found only among patients with LVH (r = 0.60 P<.001) and not among patient without LVH nor controls. Multiple regression analyses of age, body surface area, media/lumen ratio, and BP on LVM or LVMI revealed independent contributions of media/lumen ratio and BP. Age had no influence in the models. Similar results were obtained when casual BP was replaced with ambulatory BP in these analyses. No correlation was found between LVMI and media cross-sectional area. A minor subset of patients with complete absence of nocturnal BP drop had particularly great LVM and media:lumen ratio. The study suggests that cardiac and arteriolar tissue undergo parallel structural remodeling in essential hypertension.
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Nummer10 Pt 1
Sider (fra-til)987-996
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 1 okt. 1995

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