Institut for Biomedicin

Christian Aalkjær

Age-dependent changes in alpha-adrenoceptor-mediated contractility of isolated human resistance arteries

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  • Institut for Fysiologi og Biofysik
  • Det Sundhedsvidenskabelige Fakultet
  • T-Forskning
  • Hjerte-Lunge-Karkirurgisk Afd. T, SKS
  • Kirurgisk Afdeling L, NBG
Human subcutaneous resistance arteries (122-298 microns), isolated from 139 patients undergoing surgery, were mounted in an isometric myograph. With the use of multiple regression analysis, five different modes of activation were examined for possible associations with age and mean arterial blood pressure of the patients: the contractile responses to 10 microM norepinephrine (mixed alpha 1-agonist/alpha 2-agonist), perivascular nerve stimulation, 10 microM phenylephrine (alpha 1-agonist), 100 microM B-HT 933 (alpha 2-agonist), and depolarization by potassium chloride. Blood pressure increased significantly with age. Blood pressure independently was not correlated to any mode of activation. With increasing patient age, however, responses to norepinephrine, phenylephrine, and perivascular nerve stimulation decreased, whereas the response to B-HT 933 increased; responses to potassium chloride were unaltered. Also corrected for changes in blood pressure, age independently was negatively correlated to the response to norepinephrine and phenylephrine, whereas a positive, though nonsignificant (P value = 0.12), correlation was observed between age independently and the response to B-HT 933. These data suggest that the ability of isolated human resistance arteries to evoke contractions medicated by postjunctional alpha 1-, but not alpha 2-adrenoceptors, decreases with age.
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Physiology (Consolidated)
Nummer4 Pt 2
Sider (fra-til)H1190-H1196
StatusUdgivet - 1 okt. 1992

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