Cathrine Carlsen Bach

Determinants of serum levels of perfluorinated alkyl acids in Danish pregnant women

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Humans are exposed to perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs) from food, drinking water, air, dust, and consumer products. PFAAs are persistent and bio-accumulative. In the present study, we aimed to establish how the serum levels of PFAAs differ according to age, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), previous miscarriages, educational level, country of birth, smoking, and alcohol intake. We included 1438 Danish pregnant nulliparous women from the Aarhus Birth Cohort. The women gave a blood serum sample between week 11 and 13 of pregnancy. Sixteen PFAAs were extracted from serum using solid phase extraction and analyzed by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Multivariable linear regression analysis was used to determine the associations between individual characteristics of the women and their levels of seven PFAAs that were detected in at least 50% of the samples. The total concentration of the PFAAs (∑PFAA) was higher in older women. On average, normal weight women had a higher ∑PFAA level than underweight, overweight, and obese women. Higher levels were also observed for women without previous miscarriages, women with a high educational level, women born in Denmark (as opposed to women born elsewhere but currently living in Denmark), non-smokers, and women who consumed alcohol before or during pregnancy. These associations were similar for all the studied PFAAs, although the levels of perfluoroundecanoic acid varied more across the categories of age, BMI, education, smoking, and alcohol consumption than any other PFAAs measured.

TidsskriftInternational Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Sider (fra-til)867-875
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2016

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