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Brody Steven Sandel

Patterns and drivers of plant functional group dominance across the Western Hemisphere: a macroecological re-assessment based on a massive botanical dataset

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Kristine Engemann Jensen
  • Brody Steven Sandel
  • Brian Enquist, University of Arizona - Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, USA
  • Peter Møller Jørgensen, Danmark
  • Nathan Kraft, USA
  • Aron Marcuse-Kubitza, USA
  • Brian J. McGill, School of Biology and Ecology/Sustainability Solutions Initiative, University of Maine, USA
  • Naia Morueta Holme, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Danmark
  • Robert K. Peet, Department of Biology, University of North Carolina, USA
  • Cyrille Violle, CNRS, UMR5175, Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Frankrig
  • Susan K. Wiser, Landcare Research, New Zealand
  • Jens-Christian Svenning
Plant functional group dominance has been linked to climate, topography and anthropogenic factors. Here, we assess existing theory linking functional group dominance patterns to their drivers by quantifying the spatial distribution of plant functional groups at a 100-km grid scale. We use a standardized plant species occurrence dataset of unprecedented size covering the entire New World. Functional group distributions were estimated from 3 648 533 standardized occurrence records for a total of 83 854 vascular plant species, extracted from the Botanical Information and Ecology Network (BIEN) database. Seven plant functional groups were considered, describing major differences in structure and function: epiphytes; climbers; ferns; herbs; shrubs; coniferous trees; and angiosperm trees. Two measures of dominance (relative number of occurrences and relative species richness) were analysed against a range of hypothesized predictors. The functional groups showed distinct geographical patterns of dominance across the New World. Temperature seasonality and annual precipitation were most frequently selected, supporting existing hypotheses for the geographical dominance of each functional group. Human influence and topography were secondarily important. Our results support the prediction that future climate change and anthropogenic pressures could shift geographical patterns in dominance of plant functional groups, with probable consequences for ecosystem functioning
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBotanical Journal of the Linnean Society
Vol/bind180
Nummer2
Sider (fra-til)141-160
Antal sider20
ISSN0024-4074
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 21 jan. 2016

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