Asbjørn Mohr Drewes

Systematic review with meta-analysis: conditioned pain modulation in patients with the irritable bowel syndrome

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisReviewForskningpeer review

DOI

  • Ahmed Albusoda, Queen Mary University of London
  • ,
  • James K. Ruffle, Queen Mary University of London
  • ,
  • Kathrine A. Friis, Aarhus Universitet
  • ,
  • Maximilian R. Gysan, Universität Heidelberg
  • ,
  • Asbjørn M. Drewes
  • Qasim Aziz, Queen Mary University of London
  • ,
  • Adam D. Farmer, Queen Mary University of London, University Hospitals Midlands NHS Trust, Keele University

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is common and is characterised by recurrent abdominal pain, which is a major contributor to healthcare seeking. The neurobiological basis of this pain is incompletely understood. Conditioned pain modulation is a neuromodulatory mechanism through which the brain inhibits the nociceptive afferent barrage through the descending pathways. Reduced conditioned pain modulation has been implicated in the pathophysiology of IBS, although to date only in studies with relatively small sample sizes. Aim: To clarify the relationship between conditioned pain modulation and IBS by undertaking a systemic review and meta-analysis. Methods: A systematic review of MEDLINE and Web of Science databases was searched (up to 10 May 2018). We included studies examining conditioned pain modulation in adults with IBS and healthy subjects. Data were pooled for meta-analysis to calculate the odds ratio and effect size of abnormal conditioned pain modulation in IBS, with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: The search strategy identified 645 studies, of which 13 were relevant and 12 met the inclusion criteria. Conditioned pain modulation in IBS patients vs healthy subjects was significantly reduced, odds ratio 4.84 (95% CI: 2.19-10.71, P < 0.0001), Hedges’ g effect size of 0.85 (95% CI: 0.42-1.28, P < 0.001). There was significant heterogeneity in effect sizes (Q-test χ2 = 52, P < 0.001, I2 = 78.8%) in the absence of publication bias. Conclusion: Conditioned pain modulation is significantly diminished in patients with IBS vs healthy controls. These data suggest that abnormal descending pathways may play an important pathophysiological role in IBS, which could represent an investigation and a therapeutic target in IBS.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAlimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Vol/bind48
Nummer8
Sider (fra-til)797-806
Antal sider10
ISSN0269-2813
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2018
Eksternt udgivetJa

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