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Asbjørn Mohr Drewes

Is Electrical Brain Activity a Reliable Biomarker for Opioid Analgesia in the Gut?

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  The effects of morphine on brain potentials following experimental gut pain have never been investigated. This study explored whether multi-channel-evoked brain potentials and corresponding dipole sources in the brain would reflect the effects of morphine on experimental oesophageal pain. In a cross-over study, the effects of oral morphine (30 mg) or corresponding placebo were tested on pain from electrical oesophageal stimulation in 12 healthy male volunteers. The electroencephalographic (EEG) activity was monitored with 64 surface recordings. Pain was assessed by subjective scores on a visual analogue scale, amplitude and latency of the vertex evoked brain potential (EP) as well as on multi-channel recordings of EPs. Finally, electrical brain sources following pain stimuli were modelled from the EEG data. Morphine attenuated subjective pain scores (P=0.008). The amplitude of the P2 peak (230 ms post-stimulus) in the vertex EPs were unaltered after treatment with morphine whereas after placebo treatment it decreased (P=0.03). However, the overall topography changed and the source of P1 (100 ms post-stimulus), possibly originating from areas near the cingulate gyrus, changed localization in an upward, posterior direction (P=0.04). The length of the vector describing this shift correlated inversely with the magnitude of the subjective pain relief (r = -0.7; P = 0.02). With the potential of becoming a useful biomarker in analgesic trials, the localization of the dipole sources reflected the analgesic action of morphine following pain stimuli of the gut. Even though further evaluation of the method is necessary, it has the potential to be a valid objective biomarker for opioid analgesia.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBasic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Vol/bind109
Nummer5
Sider (fra-til)321-7
Antal sider7
ISSN1742-7835
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 19 maj 2011

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