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Asbjørn Mohr Drewes

Effects of isolated hyperinsulinaemia on sensory function in healthy adults

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Gastrointestinal symptoms such as pain, bloating, nausea and vomiting are more frequent in pre-diabetic states as well as established diabetes, compared to healthy individuals. The mechanisms behind these symptoms are multi-factorial and complex. Furthermore, the effect of isolated hyperinsulinaemia on visceral and peripheral sensory function is poorly understood. Thus, the current study aimed to evaluate effects of acute hyperinsulinaemia on sensory function in healthy adults.The sensitivity to electrical oesophageal and median nerve stimulation was assessed in 15 healthy volunteers together with recording of evoked brain potentials. All subjects were studied both fasting and using a euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp.There was on average a 15% increased sensitivity to oesophageal electrical stimulation during hyperinsulinaemia compared to fasting state (P0.05).This study suggests that acute isolated hyperinsulinaemia increases visceral sensitivity, but does not influence the somatic sensory function. The lack of changes in the evoked brain potentials may indicate that hyperinsulinaemia affects the visceral sensory system at a peripheral level. Our result suggests distinct functions of insulin in the various parts of the nervous system, and yields further clues to the significance of insulin as a satiety signal.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftExperimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes
Vol/bind119
Nummer10
Sider (fra-til)604-9
Antal sider6
ISSN0947-7349
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2011

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