A.S Niklassen

Positive association between bitter taste threshold and preference of vegetables among adolescents

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Positive association between bitter taste threshold and preference of vegetables among adolescents. / Hald, Mathias; Onat Hald, Mine; Stankovic, Jelena et al.
I: Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992), Bind 110, Nr. 3, 03.2021, s. 875-880.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Hald M, Onat Hald M, Stankovic J, Niklassen A, Ovesen T. Positive association between bitter taste threshold and preference of vegetables among adolescents. Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992). 2021 mar.;110(3):875-880. Epub 2020 jul. 17. doi: 10.1111/apa.15483

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Hald, Mathias ; Onat Hald, Mine ; Stankovic, Jelena et al. / Positive association between bitter taste threshold and preference of vegetables among adolescents. I: Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992). 2021 ; Bind 110, Nr. 3. s. 875-880.

Bibtex

@article{6983058b601c43e79f50ba4e5ddeb478,
title = "Positive association between bitter taste threshold and preference of vegetables among adolescents",
abstract = "Aim: Better understanding of aspects of taste in adolescents is needed since it has bearings on food policies, food industry and pharmaceutical design. Furthermore, taste preferences likely play a role in overeating and anorexia. We aimed to validate a questionnaire about taste preferences and dietary habits along with measurements of sense of smell and taste. Methods: We included adolescents from nearby schools in Aarhus, Denmark, from 2017 to 2019. Scoring preferences and habits on a Likert scale, they completed a food item questionnaire. Their chemosensation was tested by the Sniffin{\textquoteright} Sticks and Taste Drop Test. Results: We included 100 adolescents: 53 males, 47 females; average age: 15.9 years (12-17 years). Retest of the questionnaire showed good reliability (Cohen's kappa: 0.5953). Snacks scored the highest average liking (4.48), whereas starches had the highest frequency of consumption (3.64). Bitter taste threshold was positively associated with liking and familiarity with vegetables (P =.032; P =.012), respectively. Healthy self-reported dietary habits were associated with a higher self-reported consumption of vegetables and a decreased consumption of snacks. Conclusion: Adolescents preferred unhealthy food items, but they also reported more frequent consumption of healthy than unhealthy food items. A higher threshold for the bitter taste, that is, being less sensitive to bitter taste, was associated with higher liking and familiarity of vegetables.",
keywords = "adolescents, chemosensation, children and nutrition, food intake habits, taste preferences, DISCRIMINATION, GENETICS, TAS2R38, FOOD PREFERENCES, IDENTIFICATION, AGE",
author = "Mathias Hald and {Onat Hald}, Mine and Jelena Stankovic and Andreas Niklassen and Therese Ovesen",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1111/apa.15483",
language = "English",
volume = "110",
pages = "875--880",
journal = "Acta Paediatrica",
issn = "0803-5253",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Positive association between bitter taste threshold and preference of vegetables among adolescents

AU - Hald, Mathias

AU - Onat Hald, Mine

AU - Stankovic, Jelena

AU - Niklassen, Andreas

AU - Ovesen, Therese

PY - 2021/3

Y1 - 2021/3

N2 - Aim: Better understanding of aspects of taste in adolescents is needed since it has bearings on food policies, food industry and pharmaceutical design. Furthermore, taste preferences likely play a role in overeating and anorexia. We aimed to validate a questionnaire about taste preferences and dietary habits along with measurements of sense of smell and taste. Methods: We included adolescents from nearby schools in Aarhus, Denmark, from 2017 to 2019. Scoring preferences and habits on a Likert scale, they completed a food item questionnaire. Their chemosensation was tested by the Sniffin’ Sticks and Taste Drop Test. Results: We included 100 adolescents: 53 males, 47 females; average age: 15.9 years (12-17 years). Retest of the questionnaire showed good reliability (Cohen's kappa: 0.5953). Snacks scored the highest average liking (4.48), whereas starches had the highest frequency of consumption (3.64). Bitter taste threshold was positively associated with liking and familiarity with vegetables (P =.032; P =.012), respectively. Healthy self-reported dietary habits were associated with a higher self-reported consumption of vegetables and a decreased consumption of snacks. Conclusion: Adolescents preferred unhealthy food items, but they also reported more frequent consumption of healthy than unhealthy food items. A higher threshold for the bitter taste, that is, being less sensitive to bitter taste, was associated with higher liking and familiarity of vegetables.

AB - Aim: Better understanding of aspects of taste in adolescents is needed since it has bearings on food policies, food industry and pharmaceutical design. Furthermore, taste preferences likely play a role in overeating and anorexia. We aimed to validate a questionnaire about taste preferences and dietary habits along with measurements of sense of smell and taste. Methods: We included adolescents from nearby schools in Aarhus, Denmark, from 2017 to 2019. Scoring preferences and habits on a Likert scale, they completed a food item questionnaire. Their chemosensation was tested by the Sniffin’ Sticks and Taste Drop Test. Results: We included 100 adolescents: 53 males, 47 females; average age: 15.9 years (12-17 years). Retest of the questionnaire showed good reliability (Cohen's kappa: 0.5953). Snacks scored the highest average liking (4.48), whereas starches had the highest frequency of consumption (3.64). Bitter taste threshold was positively associated with liking and familiarity with vegetables (P =.032; P =.012), respectively. Healthy self-reported dietary habits were associated with a higher self-reported consumption of vegetables and a decreased consumption of snacks. Conclusion: Adolescents preferred unhealthy food items, but they also reported more frequent consumption of healthy than unhealthy food items. A higher threshold for the bitter taste, that is, being less sensitive to bitter taste, was associated with higher liking and familiarity of vegetables.

KW - adolescents

KW - chemosensation

KW - children and nutrition

KW - food intake habits

KW - taste preferences

KW - DISCRIMINATION

KW - GENETICS

KW - TAS2R38

KW - FOOD PREFERENCES

KW - IDENTIFICATION

KW - AGE

U2 - 10.1111/apa.15483

DO - 10.1111/apa.15483

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32681564

VL - 110

SP - 875

EP - 880

JO - Acta Paediatrica

JF - Acta Paediatrica

SN - 0803-5253

IS - 3

ER -