Lithium pharmacodynamics and pharmacogenetics: focus on inositol mono phosphatase (IMPase), inositol poliphosphatase (IPPase) and glycogen sinthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3 beta)

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Lithium pharmacodynamics and pharmacogenetics : focus on inositol mono phosphatase (IMPase), inositol poliphosphatase (IPPase) and glycogen sinthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3 beta). / Serretti, Alessandro; Drago, Antonio; De Ronchi, Diana.

I: Current Medicinal Chemistry, Bind 16, Nr. 15, 2009, s. 1917-48.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift/Konferencebidrag i tidsskrift /Bidrag til avisTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Serretti, Alessandro ; Drago, Antonio ; De Ronchi, Diana. / Lithium pharmacodynamics and pharmacogenetics : focus on inositol mono phosphatase (IMPase), inositol poliphosphatase (IPPase) and glycogen sinthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3 beta). I: Current Medicinal Chemistry. 2009 ; Bind 16, Nr. 15. s. 1917-48.

Bibtex

@article{e374a70d1a024d52a84803da226f7044,
title = "Lithium pharmacodynamics and pharmacogenetics: focus on inositol mono phosphatase (IMPase), inositol poliphosphatase (IPPase) and glycogen sinthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3 beta)",
abstract = "The mechanisms of lithium action are not known in detail. First messengers, second messengers, and gene expression all appear to be involved: the wide breadth of targets makes the lithium therapeutic path difficult to disentangle. In the present paper, we focused on the most direct biochemical lithium targets at therapeutic concentration, for which some pharmacogenetic finding is present (i.e. inositol mono phosphatase (IMPase), inositol polyphosphate-1-phosphatase (IPPase) and glycogen sinthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3 beta)). They are all inhibited by lithium at therapeutic concentrations and are representative of the inositol depletion and of the GSK-3 beta based theories of lithium action. Then we surveyed gene variants on those targets that have been associated also with bipolar disorder. On the basis of the molecular characteristics of these proteins, we suggest a set of critical genetic variations. IMPase2, IPPase and GSK-3 beta gene appear to be good candidates for the analysis of lithium prophylactic efficacy and bipolar disorder phenotypes but the genetic association analysis conducted so far reported negative or not unequivocal finding. This may be due to the incomplete coverage of gene mutations in most studies or to the several actions that lithium is thought to perform and trigger in cell machinery, including receptors, calcium equilibrium, gene expression, activation of neuroprotective paths and other yet undetected or less considered mechanisms.",
keywords = "5'-Nucleotidase, Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3, Humans, Inositol, Lithium Compounds, Pharmacogenetics, Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases",
author = "Alessandro Serretti and Antonio Drago and {De Ronchi}, Diana",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "1917--48",
journal = "Current Medicinal Chemistry",
issn = "0929-8673",
publisher = "Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.",
number = "15",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lithium pharmacodynamics and pharmacogenetics

T2 - focus on inositol mono phosphatase (IMPase), inositol poliphosphatase (IPPase) and glycogen sinthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3 beta)

AU - Serretti, Alessandro

AU - Drago, Antonio

AU - De Ronchi, Diana

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - The mechanisms of lithium action are not known in detail. First messengers, second messengers, and gene expression all appear to be involved: the wide breadth of targets makes the lithium therapeutic path difficult to disentangle. In the present paper, we focused on the most direct biochemical lithium targets at therapeutic concentration, for which some pharmacogenetic finding is present (i.e. inositol mono phosphatase (IMPase), inositol polyphosphate-1-phosphatase (IPPase) and glycogen sinthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3 beta)). They are all inhibited by lithium at therapeutic concentrations and are representative of the inositol depletion and of the GSK-3 beta based theories of lithium action. Then we surveyed gene variants on those targets that have been associated also with bipolar disorder. On the basis of the molecular characteristics of these proteins, we suggest a set of critical genetic variations. IMPase2, IPPase and GSK-3 beta gene appear to be good candidates for the analysis of lithium prophylactic efficacy and bipolar disorder phenotypes but the genetic association analysis conducted so far reported negative or not unequivocal finding. This may be due to the incomplete coverage of gene mutations in most studies or to the several actions that lithium is thought to perform and trigger in cell machinery, including receptors, calcium equilibrium, gene expression, activation of neuroprotective paths and other yet undetected or less considered mechanisms.

AB - The mechanisms of lithium action are not known in detail. First messengers, second messengers, and gene expression all appear to be involved: the wide breadth of targets makes the lithium therapeutic path difficult to disentangle. In the present paper, we focused on the most direct biochemical lithium targets at therapeutic concentration, for which some pharmacogenetic finding is present (i.e. inositol mono phosphatase (IMPase), inositol polyphosphate-1-phosphatase (IPPase) and glycogen sinthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3 beta)). They are all inhibited by lithium at therapeutic concentrations and are representative of the inositol depletion and of the GSK-3 beta based theories of lithium action. Then we surveyed gene variants on those targets that have been associated also with bipolar disorder. On the basis of the molecular characteristics of these proteins, we suggest a set of critical genetic variations. IMPase2, IPPase and GSK-3 beta gene appear to be good candidates for the analysis of lithium prophylactic efficacy and bipolar disorder phenotypes but the genetic association analysis conducted so far reported negative or not unequivocal finding. This may be due to the incomplete coverage of gene mutations in most studies or to the several actions that lithium is thought to perform and trigger in cell machinery, including receptors, calcium equilibrium, gene expression, activation of neuroprotective paths and other yet undetected or less considered mechanisms.

KW - 5'-Nucleotidase

KW - Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3

KW - Humans

KW - Inositol

KW - Lithium Compounds

KW - Pharmacogenetics

KW - Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 19442155

VL - 16

SP - 1917

EP - 1948

JO - Current Medicinal Chemistry

JF - Current Medicinal Chemistry

SN - 0929-8673

IS - 15

ER -