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Annemarie Brüel

Long-Term High-Dose Resveratrol Supplementation Reduces Bone Mass and Fracture Strength in Rats

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Resveratrol (RSV) is a natural polyphenolic compound. A recent study suggests a positive effect on BMD in men; however, the underlying changes in microstructure and strength remain unknown. We aimed to investigate the effects of RSV on the skeleton in hindlimb-immobilized and non-immobilized rats. Seventy-two female Wistar rats were divided into six groups. Two baseline (BSL) groups underwent short-term diet intervention for 4 weeks before sacrifice [phytoestrogen-deficient diet (PD) (BSL + PD) or RSV diet (600 mg/kg body weight/day) (BSL + RSV)]. Four groups were injected in the right hindlimb with botulinum toxin (BTX) (immobilized) or saline (non-immobilized), and fed either PD diet or RSV diet 4 weeks pre-injection and 6 weeks post-injection before sacrifice (BTX + PD, BTX + RSV, PD, and RSV, respectively). DXA, µCT, dynamic histomorphometry, and mechanical tests were performed. Short-term RSV treatment did not affect bone parameters, whereas long-term RSV exposure had a consistent negative impact on non-immobilized rats (RSV vs. PD); whole femoral aBMD (p = 0.01) and distal femoral metaphyseal Tb.N (p = 0.01), Tb.Sp (p = 0.02), and BV/TV (p = 0.07). At the femoral mid-diaphysis, RSV increased periosteal resorption (p = 0.01) and increased endosteal formation (p = 0.02), while mineralization was unaffected. In addition, RSV reduced femoral mid-diaphyseal three-point bending strength (p = 0.03) and stiffness (p = 0.04). BTX-induced immobilization resulted in significant bone loss and reduced bone strength; however, RSV supplementation was unable to prevent this. In conclusion, long-term high-dose RSV reduced bone mass and fracture strength and did not prevent immobilization-induced bone loss in rats.

TidsskriftCalcified Tissue International
Sider (fra-til)337-347
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2018

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