Institut for Biomedicin

Annemarie Brüel

Calcified cartilage islands in rat cortical bone

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Rats display little to no haversian remodeling of cortical bone. This fact, combined with the endochondral formation of cortical bone, means that rat femoral cortical bone contains highly mineralized cartilage islands in a central band of mid-femoral cross sections. We demonstrate that these islands have a significantly higher degree of mineralization than the surrounding bone, using quantitative backscattered electron imaging. The cartilaginous nature of the islands was verified by immunostaining for collagen type II. Toluidine blue staining of longitudinal sections and three-dimensional synchrotron radiation X-ray tomographic microscopy confirmed that the islands are elongated along the femoral long axis. Nanoindentation revealed significantly higher values of both reduced modulus and hardness in the islands compared to the surrounding bone, reflecting a higher degree of mineralization. The calcified cartilage islands were distributed in a central zone of the bone, from the growth plates through the mid-femoral bone. The presence of these cartilage islands and their possible effect on mechanical properties could be an additional reason why haversian remodeling is observed in higher-order species.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCalcified Tissue International
Vol/bind92
Nummer4
Sider (fra-til)330-8
Antal sider9
ISSN0171-967X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2013

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