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Anne Mette Lykke

Phylogenetic classification of the world's tropical forests

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  • J. W. Ferry Slik, Univ Brunei Darussalam, Fac Sci, Environm & Life Sci
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  • Janet Franklin, Univ Calif Riverside, University of California System, University of California Riverside, Dept Bot & Plant Sci
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  • Victor Arroyo-Rodriguez, Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Inst Invest Ecosistemas & Sustentabilidad
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  • Richard Field, Univ Nottingham, University of Nottingham Malaysia, Sch Environm & Geog Sci, Sch Geog
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  • Salomon Aguilar, Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Smithsonian Institution, Ctr Trop Forest Sci, Global Forest Observ Network
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  • Nikolay Aguirre, Univ Nacl Loja, Biodivers & Ecosyst Serv Res Program
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  • Jorge Ahumada, Conservat Int, Conservation International, Moore Ctr Sci
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  • Shin-Ichiro Aiba, Kagoshima Univ, Kagoshima University, Grad Sch Sci & Engn
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  • Luciana F. Alves, Univ Calif Los Angeles, University of California Los Angeles, University of California System, Inst Environm & Sustainabil, Ctr Trop Res
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  • K. Anitha, Ctr Int Forestry Res CIFOR, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Forest & Environm Program
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  • Andres Avella, Univ Nacl Colombia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Inst Ciencias Nat
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  • Francisco Mora, Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Inst Invest Ecosistemas & Sustentabilidad
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  • Gerardo A. Aymard C, Compensat Int Progress SA Ciprogress Greenlife
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  • Selene Baez, Escuela Politecn Nacl Ecuador, Escuela Politecnica Nacional Ecuador, Dept Biol
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  • Patricia Balvanera, Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Inst Invest Ecosistemas & Sustentabilidad
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  • Meredith L. Bastian, Smithsonians Natl Zoo, Anim Care Sci, Primates
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  • Jean-Francois Bastin, ETH, ETH Zurich, Dept Environm Syst Sci, Inst Integrat Biol
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  • Peter J. Bellingham, Landcare Res Manaaki Whenua, Landcare Research - New Zealand
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  • Eduardo van den Berg, Univ Fed Lavras, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Dept Biol
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  • Polyanna da Conceicao Bispo, Univ Leicester, University of Leicester, Ctr Landscape & Climate Res, Dept Geog
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  • Pascal Boeckx, Univ Ghent, Ghent University, Fac Biosci Engn, Dept Green Chem & Technol, Isotope Biosci Lab ISOFYS
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  • Katrin Boehning-Gaese, Goethe Univ Frankfurt, Goethe University Frankfurt, Inst Ecol Evolut & Div
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  • Frans Bongers, Wageningen Univ, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen Univ & Res, Forest Ecol & Forest Management Grp
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  • Brad Boyle, Hardner & Gullison Associates
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  • Fabian Brambach, Georg August Univ Gottingen, University of Gottingen, Ecol & Ecosyst Res
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  • Francis Q. Brearley, Manchester Metropolitan Univ, Manchester Metropolitan University, Sch Sci & Environm
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  • Sandra Brown, Winrock Int Livestock Res & Training Ctr, Environm Grp
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  • Shauna-Lee Chai, InnoTech Alberta, Ecosys Management Unit
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  • Robin L. Chazdon, Univ Connecticut, University of Connecticut, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol
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  • Shengbin Chen, Chengdu Univ Technol, Chengdu University of Technology, Coll Environm & Ecol
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  • Phourin Chhang, Forest & Wildlife Res Inst
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  • George Chuyong, Univ Buea, Dept Bot & Plant Physiol
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  • Corneille Ewango, Wildlife Conservat Soc Program DR Congo
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  • Indiana M. Coronado, Univ Nacl Autonoma Nicaragua, Fac Ciencias & Tecnol, Dept Biol, Herbario HULE
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  • Jurgi Cristobal-Azkarate, Univ Cambridge, University of Cambridge, Div Biol Anthropol
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  • Heike Culmsee, German Fed Fdn Environm, DBU Nat Heritage
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  • Kipiro Damas, PNG Forest Res Inst
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  • H. S. Dattaraja, Indian Inst Sci, Indian Institute of Science (IISC) - Bangalore, Ctr Ecol Sci
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  • Priya Davidar, Pondicherry Univ, Pondicherry University, Dept Ecol & Environm Sci
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  • Saara J. DeWalt, Clemson Univ, Clemson University, Dept Sci Biol
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  • Hazimah Din, Univ Brunei Darussalam, Fac Sci, Environm & Life Sci
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  • Donald R. Drake, Univ Hawaii, University of Hawaii System, Bot Dept
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  • Alvaro Duque, Univ Nacl Colombia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Dept Ciencias Forestales
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  • Giselda Durigan, Inst Florestal SP, Floresta Estadual Assis, Lab Ecol & Hidrol Florestal
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  • Karl Eichhorn, Eichhorn Ecol
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  • Eduardo Schmidt Eler, INPA, Institute Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia
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  • Tsutomu Enoki, Kyushu Univ, Kyushu University, Kasuya Res Forest
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  • Andreas Ensslin, Univ Bern, University of Bern, Inst Plant Sci
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  • Adande Belarmain Fandohan, Univ Natl Agr, Ecole Foresterie & Ingn Bois
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  • Anne Mette Lykke

Knowledge about the biogeographic affinities of the world's tropical forests helps to better understand regional differences in forest structure, diversity, composition, and dynamics. Such understanding will enable anticipation of region-specific responses to global environmental change. Modern phylogenies, in combination with broad coverage of species inventory data, now allow for global biogeographic analyses that take species evolutionary distance into account. Here we present a classification of the world's tropical forests based on their phylogenetic similarity. We identify five principal floristic regions and their floristic relationships: (i) Indo-Pacific, (ii) Subtropical, (iii) African, (iv) American, and (v) Dry forests. Our results do not support the traditional neo-versus paleotropical forest division but instead separate the combined American and African forests from their Indo-Pacific counterparts. We also find indications for the existence of a global dry forest region, with representatives in America, Africa, Madagascar, and India. Additionally, a northern-hemisphere Subtropical forest region was identified with representatives in Asia and America, providing support for a link between Asian and American northern-hemisphere forests.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol/bind115
Nummer8
Sider (fra-til)1837-1842
Antal sider6
ISSN0027-8424
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 20 feb. 2018

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