Institut for Statskundskab

Anne Mette Lykke

Climate change mitigation by carbon stocking: The case of semi-arid West Africa

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  • Afdeling for Terrestrisk Økologi
  • Institut for Statskundskab
  • Økoinformatik og Biodiversitet, Biologisk Institut
Semi-arid West Africa has not been integrated into the afforestation/reforestation

(AR) carbon market. Most projects implemented under the Clean Development Mechanism

(CDM) have focused on carbon emission reductions from industry and energy consumption,

whereas only few (only one in West Africa) have been certified for AR carbon sequestration. A

proposed mechanism, Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) to be

discussed under COP15 aims to reduce emissions by conserving already existing forests.

REDD has high potential for carbon stocking at low costs, but focuses primarily on rain forest

countries and excludes semi-arid West Africa from the preliminary setup. African savannas

have potentials to store carbon in the present situation with degrading ecosystems and

relatively low revenues from crops and cattle, especially if it is possible to combine carbon

stocking with promotion of secondary crops such as food resources and traditional medicines

harvested on a sustainable basis. Methods for modelling and mapping of potential carbon

biomass are being developed, but are still in a preliminary state. Although economic benefits

from the sale of carbon credits are likely to be limited, carbon stocking is an interesting option

if additional benefits are considered such as improved food security and protection of


TidsskriftIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Antal sider12.004
StatusUdgivet - 2009

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