Department of Economics and Business Economics

Long-term Consequences of Early Parenthood

Research output: Working paper

Standard

Long-term Consequences of Early Parenthood. / Johansen, Eva Rye; Nielsen, Helena Skyt; Verner, Mette.

Aarhus : Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet, 2018.

Research output: Working paper

Harvard

Johansen, ER, Nielsen, HS & Verner, M 2018 'Long-term Consequences of Early Parenthood' Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet, Aarhus.

APA

Johansen, E. R., Nielsen, H. S., & Verner, M. (2018). Long-term Consequences of Early Parenthood. Aarhus: Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet. Economics Working Papers, No. 2018-01

CBE

Johansen ER, Nielsen HS, Verner M. 2018. Long-term Consequences of Early Parenthood. Aarhus: Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet.

MLA

Johansen, Eva Rye, Helena Skyt Nielsen and Mette Verner Long-term Consequences of Early Parenthood. Aarhus: Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet. (Economics Working Papers; Journal number 2018-01). 2018., 41 p.

Vancouver

Johansen ER, Nielsen HS, Verner M. Long-term Consequences of Early Parenthood. Aarhus: Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet. 2018 Apr 9.

Author

Johansen, Eva Rye ; Nielsen, Helena Skyt ; Verner, Mette. / Long-term Consequences of Early Parenthood. Aarhus : Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet, 2018. (Economics Working Papers; No. 2018-01).

Bibtex

@techreport{1dd8015d817c4b31926a183716e6f917,
title = "Long-term Consequences of Early Parenthood",
abstract = "Having children at an early age is known to be associated with unfavorable economic outcomes, such as lower education, employment and earnings. In this paper, we study the long-term consequences of early parenthood for mothers and fathers. Our study is based on rich register-based data that, importantly, merges all childbirths to the children’s mothers and fathers, allowing us to study the consequences of early parenthood for both parents. We perform a sibling fixed effects analysis in order to account for unobserved family attributes that are possibly correlated with early parenthood. The analysis is based on Danish men and women born between 1968 and 1977, from whom we identify brothers and sisters, respectively. We find that early parenthood reduces educational attainment and employment, and that the relationship is only slightly weaker for men than for women. One exception is earnings (and to lesser extent employment), as fathers appear to support the family, especially when early parenthood is combined with cohabitation with the mother and the child. Heterogeneous effects reveal that individuals with a more favorable socioeconomic background are affected more severely than individuals with a less favorable background. We interpret this as evidence of higher opportunity costs or stigma.",
keywords = "Teenage childbearing, long-term outcomes, heterogeneous effects",
author = "Johansen, {Eva Rye} and Nielsen, {Helena Skyt} and Mette Verner",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "9",
language = "English",
publisher = "Institut for \{O}konomi, Aarhus Universitet",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "Institut for \{O}konomi, Aarhus Universitet",

}

RIS

TY - UNPB

T1 - Long-term Consequences of Early Parenthood

AU - Johansen,Eva Rye

AU - Nielsen,Helena Skyt

AU - Verner,Mette

PY - 2018/4/9

Y1 - 2018/4/9

N2 - Having children at an early age is known to be associated with unfavorable economic outcomes, such as lower education, employment and earnings. In this paper, we study the long-term consequences of early parenthood for mothers and fathers. Our study is based on rich register-based data that, importantly, merges all childbirths to the children’s mothers and fathers, allowing us to study the consequences of early parenthood for both parents. We perform a sibling fixed effects analysis in order to account for unobserved family attributes that are possibly correlated with early parenthood. The analysis is based on Danish men and women born between 1968 and 1977, from whom we identify brothers and sisters, respectively. We find that early parenthood reduces educational attainment and employment, and that the relationship is only slightly weaker for men than for women. One exception is earnings (and to lesser extent employment), as fathers appear to support the family, especially when early parenthood is combined with cohabitation with the mother and the child. Heterogeneous effects reveal that individuals with a more favorable socioeconomic background are affected more severely than individuals with a less favorable background. We interpret this as evidence of higher opportunity costs or stigma.

AB - Having children at an early age is known to be associated with unfavorable economic outcomes, such as lower education, employment and earnings. In this paper, we study the long-term consequences of early parenthood for mothers and fathers. Our study is based on rich register-based data that, importantly, merges all childbirths to the children’s mothers and fathers, allowing us to study the consequences of early parenthood for both parents. We perform a sibling fixed effects analysis in order to account for unobserved family attributes that are possibly correlated with early parenthood. The analysis is based on Danish men and women born between 1968 and 1977, from whom we identify brothers and sisters, respectively. We find that early parenthood reduces educational attainment and employment, and that the relationship is only slightly weaker for men than for women. One exception is earnings (and to lesser extent employment), as fathers appear to support the family, especially when early parenthood is combined with cohabitation with the mother and the child. Heterogeneous effects reveal that individuals with a more favorable socioeconomic background are affected more severely than individuals with a less favorable background. We interpret this as evidence of higher opportunity costs or stigma.

KW - Teenage childbearing, long-term outcomes, heterogeneous effects

M3 - Working paper

BT - Long-term Consequences of Early Parenthood

PB - Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet

CY - Aarhus

ER -