Sensitivity to the thromboxane A2 analog U46619 varies with inner diameter in human stem villous arteries

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INTRODUCTION: The vascular resistance of stem villous arteries is determined by the balance between different contractile and relaxant agents and in the utero-placental circulation. Thromboxane A2 (TxA2), prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) are considered to be among the most important contractile factors. However, it is not known if their contractile effects are consistent along the villous tree. We hypothesized that the sensitivity to different agonists could be influenced by artery diameter and thus that their contribution to placental vascular resistance may differ.

METHODS: Using an isometric wire myograph, the contractility and sensitivity (pD2) to the thromboxane A2 mimetic U46619, PGF2α and ET-1 were investigated in isolated human stem villous arteries and human uterine fundus and isthmus arteries obtained from healthy, pregnant women who had experienced uncomplicated pregnancy.

RESULTS: In fetal arteries, the pD2 values for U46619 correlated positively with arterial diameter with no such dependence observed for ET-1 and PGF2α. In maternal arteries, pD2 remained constant for all the agonists tested despite highly variable vessel diameter.

DISCUSSION: A selective decrease in sensitivity to TxA2 receptor stimulation was observed with decreasing vascular diameter in human stem villous arteries. The contractile factors PGF2α and ET-1 show no such relationship.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPlacenta
Volume39
Pages (from-to)111-5
Number of pages5
ISSN0143-4004
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

    Research areas

  • 15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid, Arteries, Chorionic Villi, Dinoprost, Endothelin-1, Female, Humans, Pregnancy, Receptors, Thromboxane A2, Prostaglandin H2, Thromboxane A2, Uterus, Vascular Resistance, Vasoconstriction, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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