The Dark Side of the Sun A Plea for a Next-Generation Opacity Calculation

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    Regner Trampedach, Space Sci Inst, Univ Colorado, University of Colorado Boulder, University of Colorado System, Lab Atmospher & Space Phys

Is the Sun likely to have a more opaque interior than previously thought? The solar oxygen (or abundance) problem can be solved with higher interior opacities, reconciling abundance analyses based on 3D convective atmospheres with the helioseismic structure of the solar interior. This has been known for more than a decade, but last year we learned that the absorption by just iron may contribute 7% more to the solar opacity at the bottom of the convection zone than predicted by any opacity calculation so far, and by OP05 in particular. I find that artificial changes to the absorption (calibrated against the iron experiment) by other elements in a solar mixture give an opacity increase of a shape and magnitude that can restore agreement between modern abundance analysis and helioseismology. This suggests that improved opacity calculations will solve the solar oxygen problem.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAstronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series
Pages (from-to)29-32
Number of pages4
ISSN1050-3390
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventWorkshop on Astrophysical Opacities - Kalamazoo
Duration: 1 Aug 20174 Aug 2017

Conference

ConferenceWorkshop on Astrophysical Opacities
CityKalamazoo
Period01/08/201704/08/2017

    Research areas

  • SOLAR MODELS, CONVECTION SIMULATIONS, CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, LINE FORMATION, MIXING-LENGTH, HELIOSEISMOLOGY, ABUNDANCE, CALIBRATION, CONSTRAINTS, STARS

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