Microstructure engineering of Portland cement pastes and mortars through addition of ultrafine layer silicates.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  • Holger Lindgreen
    Holger LindgreenGEUSDenmark
  • Mette Geiker
    Mette GeikerGEUSDenmark
  • Hanne Krøyer
    Hanne KrøyerAarhus UniversitetDenmark
  • Niels Springer
    Niels SpringerGEUSDenmark
  • Jørgen Skibsted
  • Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center
  • Department of Chemistry
Pozzolanic submicron-sized silica fume and the non-pozzolanic micron- and nano-sized layer silicates (clay minerals) kaolinite, smectite and palygorskite have been used as additives in Portland cement pastes and mortars. These layer silicates have different particle shape (needles and plates), surface charge, and size (micron and nano). The structure of the resulting cement pastes and mortars has been investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM), helium porosimetry, nitrogen adsorption (specific surface area and porosity), low-temperature calorimetry (LTC) and thermal analysis. The main result is that the cement paste structure and porosity can be engineered by addition of selected layer silicates having specific particle shapes and surface properties (e.g., charge and specific surface area). This seems to be due to the growth of calcium-silicate hydrates (C-S-H) on the clay particle surfaces, and the nano-structure of the C-S-H depends on type of layer silicate. The effect of layer silicate addition is most pronounced for palygorskite and smectite having the largest surface area and negative charges on the particle surfaces. The cement pastes containing palygorskite and bentonite have, in comparison to the pure cement pasta and the paste containing kaolinite, a more open pore structure consisting of fine pores. Silica fume paste contains a significant amount of closed pores. As a secondary result, it is demonstrated that both the degree and duration of sample drying strongly modifies the structure of the cementitious materials under investigation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Volume30
Pages (from-to)686-699
Number of pages14
ISSN0958-9465
StatePublished - 2008

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