Characterization of AQPs in Mouse, Rat, and Human Colon and Their Selective Regulation by Bile Acids

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

DOI

  • Jonathan Yde
  • Stephen Keely
    Stephen KeelyRCSI Education and Research Centre, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Beaumont Hospital , Dublin , Ireland.
  • Qi Wu
  • Johan F Borg
  • Natalia Lajczak
    Natalia LajczakRCSI Education and Research Centre, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Beaumont Hospital , Dublin , Ireland.
  • Aoife O'Dwyer
    Aoife O'DwyerRCSI Education and Research Centre, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Beaumont Hospital , Dublin , Ireland.
  • Peter Dalsgaard
    Peter DalsgaardDepartment of Surgery, Randers Hospital, Randers
  • Robert A Fenton
  • Hanne B Moeller

In normal individuals, the epithelium of the colon absorbs 1.5-2 l of water a day to generate dehydrated feces. However, in the condition of bile acid malabsorption (BAM), an excess of bile acids in the colon results in diarrhea. Several studies have attempted to address the mechanisms contributing to BAM induced by various bile acids. However, none have addressed a potential dysregulation of aquaporin (AQP) water channels, which are responsible for the majority of transcellular water transport in epithelial cells, as a contributing factor to the onset of diarrhea and the pathogenesis of BAM. In this study, we aimed to systematically analyze the expression of AQPs in colonic epithelia from rat, mouse, and human and determine whether their expression is altered in a rat model of BAM. Mass spectrometry-based proteomics, RT-PCR, and western blotting identified various AQPs in isolated colonic epithelial cells from rats (AQP1, 3, 4, 7, 8) and mice (AQP1, 4, 8). Several AQPs were also detected in human colon (AQP1, 3, 4, 7-9). Immunohistochemistry localized AQP1 to the apical plasma membrane of epithelial cells in the bottom of the crypts, whereas AQP3 (rat, human) and AQP4 (mice, human) were localized predominantly in the basolateral plasma membrane. AQP8 was localized intracellularly and at the apical plasma membrane of epithelial cells. Rats fed sodium cholate for 72 h had significantly increased fecal water content, suggesting development of BAM-associated diarrhea. Colonic epithelial cells isolated from this model had significantly altered levels of AQP3, 7, and 8, suggesting that these AQPs may be involved in the pathogenesis of bile acid-induced diarrhea.

Original languageEnglish
Article number46
JournalFrontiers in nutrition
Volume3
Number of pages20
ISSN2296-861X
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

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