Untargeted metabolomics reveals a mild impact of remote ischemic conditioning on the plasma metabolome and α-hydroxybutyrate as a possible cardioprotective factor and biomarker of tissue ischemia

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

DOI

INTRODUCTION: Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) is a maneuver by which short non-lethal ischemic events are applied on distant organs or limbs to reduce ischemia and reperfusion injuries caused by e.g. myocardial infarct. Although intensively investigated, the specific mechanism of this protective phenomenon remains incompletely understood and in particular, knowledge on the role of small metabolites is scarce.

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to study perturbations in the plasma metabolome following RIC and gain insight into metabolic changes by the intervention as well as to identify potential novel cardio-protective metabolites.

METHODS: Blood plasma samples from ten healthy males were collected prior to and after RIC and tested for bioactivity in a HL-1 based cellular model of ischemia-reperfusion damage. Following this, the plasma was analyzed using untargeted LC-qTOF-MS and regulated metabolites were identified using univariate and multivariate statistical analysis. Results were finally verified in a second plasma study from the same group of volunteers and by testing a metabolite ester in the HL-1 cell model.

RESULTS: The analysis revealed a moderate impact on the plasma metabolome following RIC. One metabolite, α-hydroxybutyrate (AHB) however, stood out as highly significantly upregulated after RIC. AHB might be a novel and more sensitive plasma-biomarker of transient tissue ischemia than lactate. Importantly, it was also found that a cell permeable AHB precursor protects cardiomyocytes from ischemia-reperfusion damage.

CONCLUSION: Untargeted metabolomics analysis of plasma following RIC has led to insight into metabolism during RIC and revealed a possible novel metabolite of relevance to ischemic-reperfusion damage.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMetabolomics
Volume13
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)67
ISSN1573-3882
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

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