Department of Management

Evaluative conditioning of food technologies in China: Moderating effect of social trust

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This study provides an initial examination of the evaluative conditioning (EC) of consumers’ attitudes toward food technologies in China, including how EC can affect consumer acceptance of new technology when participants possess different levels of social trust. In a study using the EC paradigm and a combination of between-subjects control groups and within-subjects control conditions, participants considered three food technologies (conventional, enzyme, and genetic), paired with affectively positive, neutral, and negative images. Subsequent evaluative measurements revealed that EC can explain attitude formation toward food technologies in China when consumers see affective images, but the strength of the effects varies at different levels of social trust. Participants with a high level of trust in the institutions that promote and regulate the technologies can be conditioned both positively and negatively, independent of food technology. Participants with a low level of trust can be conditioned too, but only when the technology is paired with negative unconditioned stimuli. If social trust is low, positive conditioning of
food technologies is not demonstrated in this study.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFood Quality and Preference
Volume37
Pages (from-to)19-26
Number of pages8
ISSN0950-3293
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Bibliographical note

Available online 26 April 2014

    Research areas

  • Evaluative conditioning, Food technologies, Social trust, China

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