Department of Management

Family eating habits, family support and subjective well-being in university students in Chile

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

  • Berta Schnettler
    Berta SchnettlerDepartamento de Producción Agropecuaria y Forestales, Universidad de la FronteraChile
  • Yesly Höger
    Yesly HögerDepartamento de Producción Agropecuaria y Forestales, Universidad de la FronteraChile
  • Ligia Orellana
    Ligia OrellanaCentro de Psicología Económica y del Consumo, Universidad de La FronteraDepartment of Psychology, University of SheffieldChile
  • José Sepúlveda
    José SepúlvedaCentro de Psicología Económica y del Consumo, Universidad de La FronteraDepartment of Psychology, University of SheffieldChile
  • Natalia Salinas-Õnate
    Natalia Salinas-ÕnateCentro de Psicología Económica y del Consumo, Universidad de La FronteraChile
  • Germán Lobos
    Germán LobosEscuela de Ingeniería Comercial, Universidad de Talca
  • Klaus G Grunert
Aim: To characterize typologies of university students according to the perception of their families’ eating habits. Material and method: A questionnaire was applied to a non-probabilistic sample of 372 students of both genders at the Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile. The instrument included: the Family Eating Habits Questionnaire (FEHQ), the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), the Satisfaction with Food-related Life Scale (SWFL) and the Family Resources Scale (FRS). Estimated weight and height were asked about as well
as sociodemographic variables. Results: Using an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) three factors were detected in the FEHQ: importance of eating to family members, cohesiveness of family eating, and pressure to eat. The EFA detected two factors on the FRS: intangible and tangible support. A confirmatory factor
analysis (CFA) validated the structure of the FEHQ and the FRS with good goodness-of-fit indicators. A cluster analysis distinguished four typologies that differed significantly in the scores of the components on the FEHQ and FRS, scores on the SWLS and SWFL, body mass index, gender and socioeconomic level. Typologies with higher scores in “cohesiveness of family eating” report greater intangible support from their families and higher scores on the SWLS and SWFL. Conclusions: The results show that the frequency and importance assigned to family meals are associated positively with perceived family
support, particularly in intangible resources, as well as with the overall satisfaction with life and in the food domain.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNutricion Hospitalaria
Volume33
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)451-458
Number of pages8
ISSN0212-1611
StatePublished - 2016

    Keywords

  • eating habits, Family, Satisfaction with life, satisfation with food-related life

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