Budd-Chiari and inferior caval vein syndromes due to membranous obstruction of the liver veins. Successful treatment with angioplasty and transcaval TIPS

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  • Peter Holland-Fischer, Denmark
  • The Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology V
The case is presented of a 25-year-old Caucasian patient with Budd-Chiari syndrome due to membranous obstruction of the liver veins and inferior caval vein syndrome as a result of secondary hyperplasia of the caudate lobe of the liver, obstructing the caval vein. Diagnosis was established by intravascular pressure measurements, ultrasound examinations and caval and liver vein angiograms. Treatment consisting of stent placement in the outlet of a hepatic vein and subsequent transjugular intrahepatic porto-systemic shunt (TIPS) insertion via the caval vein was successful. After 34 months of follow-up the stents remain open and the patient is symptom free. This successful combination of stent placement and TIPS has not been described before. The case report is followed by a review of the literature on the use of angioplasty in short hepatic vein stenosis and TIPS in Budd-Chiari syndrome. It is concluded that angioplasty and TIPS are safe and efficient procedures to reduce liver engorgement and complications of portal hypertension in selected patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume39
Issue10
Pages (from-to)1025-28
Number of pages3
ISSN0036-5521
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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