The mass and age of the first SONG target: the red giant 46 LMi

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • S. Frandsen
  • M. Fredslund Andersen
  • K. Brogaard
  • C. Jiang, Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sun Yat Sen University, Sch Phys & Astron,
  • T. Arentoft
  • F. Grundahl
  • H. Kjeldsen
  • J. Christensen-Dalsgaard
  • E. Weiss
  • P. Palle, Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias,
  • V. Antoci
  • P. Kjaergaard, Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, Dark Cosmol Ctr, A. N. Sorensen, Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, Dark Cosmol Ctr, J. Skottfelt, Open Univ, Open University - UK, Dept Phys Sci, Ctr Elect Imaging, U. G. Jorgensen, Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, Dark Cosmol Ctr, Univ Copenhagen, University of Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Ctr Star & Planet Format

Context. The Stellar Observation Network Group (SONG) is an initiative to build a worldwide network of 1m telescopes with highprecision radial-velocity spectrographs. Here we analyse the first radial-velocity time series of a red-giant star measured by the SONG telescope at Tenerife. The asteroseismic results demonstrate a major increase in the achievable precision of the parameters for red-giant stars obtainable from ground-based observations. Reliable tests of the validity of these results are needed, however, before the accuracy of the parameters can be trusted.

Aims. We analyse the first SONG time series for the star 46 LMi, which has a precise parallax and an angular diameter measured from interferometry, and therefore a good determination of the stellar radius. We use asteroseismic scaling relations to obtain an accurate mass, and modelling to determine the age.

Methods. A 55-day time series of high-resolution, high S/N spectra were obtained with the first SONG telescope. We derive the asteroseismic parameters by analysing the power spectrum. To give a best guess on the large separation of modes in the power spectrum, we have applied a new method which uses the scaling of Kepler red-giant stars to 46 LMi.

Results. Several methods have been applied: classical estimates, seismic methods using the observed time series, and model calculations to derive the fundamental parameters of 46 LMi. Parameters determined using the different methods are consistent within the uncertainties. We find the following values for the mass M (scaling), radius R (classical), age (modelling), and surface gravity (combining mass and radius): M = 1.09 +/- 0.04 M-circle dot, R = 7.95 +/- 0.11 R-circle dot age t = 8.2 +/- 1.9 Gy, and log g = 2.674 +/- 0.013.

Conclusions. The exciting possibilities for ground-based asteroseismology of solar-like oscillations with a fully robotic network have been illustrated with the results obtained from just a single site of the SONG network. The window function is still a severe problem which will be solved when there are more nodes in the network.

Original languageEnglish
Article number53
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Number of pages7
StatePublished - 31 May 2018

    Research areas

  • stars: fundamental parameters, stars: individual: HD 94264, techniques: radial velocities, telescopes, SOLAR-LIKE OSCILLATIONS, MULTISITE CAMPAIGN, STELLAR, ASTEROSEISMOLOGY, PHOTOMETRY, STARS, REDUCTION, OPACITIES, EVOLUTION, CLUSTERS

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