Light absorption engineering of a hybrid (Sn3S72-)(n) based semiconductor - from violet to red light absorption

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  • Mathias Salomon Hvid
  • ,
  • Paolo Lamagni
  • ,
  • Nina Lock

The crystalline two-dimensional thiostannate Sn3S7(trenH)(2) [tren=tris(2-aminoethyl)amine] consists of negatively charged (Sn3S72-)(n) polymeric sheets with trenH(+) molecular species embedded in-between. The semiconducting compound is a violet light absorber with a band gap of 3.0 eV. In this study the compound was synthesized and functionalized by introducing the cationic dyes Methylene Blue (MB) or Safranin T (ST) into the crystal structure by ion exchange. Dye capacities up to approximately 45 mg/g were obtained, leading to major changes of the light absorption properties of the dye stained material. Light absorption was observed in the entire visible light region from red to violet, the red light absorption becoming more substantial with increasing dye content. The ion exchange reaction was followed in detail by variation of solvent, temperature and dye concentration. Time-resolved studies show that the ion exchange follows pseudo-second order kinetics and a Langmuir adsorption mechanism. The pristine and dye stained compounds were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy revealing that the honeycomb hexagonal pore structure of the host material was maintained by performing the ion exchange in the polar organic solvent acetonitrile, while reactions in water caused a break-down of the long-range ordered structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number45822
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Number of pages12
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2017

    Research areas

  • LAYERED TIN SULFIDE, ION-EXCHANGE PROPERTIES, ORGANIC POLLUTANTS, METHYLENE-BLUE, LOW-COST, ADSORPTION, WATER, DYE, PHOTOCATALYSIS, IRRADIATION

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