Carbon Abundances In The Light Of 3D Model Stellar Atmospheres

Publication: ResearchPoster

Classical spectroscopic analyses of late-type stars generally rely on the interpretation of observations with the use of stationary, one-dimensional (1D), hydrostatic model stellar atmospheres. In recent years, however, there has been significant development in the field of three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamic modelling of stellar atmospheres and stellar spectra. In this contribution, I describe quantitatively the impact of realistic, time-dependent, 3D hydrodynamic model atmospheres on the spectroscopic determination of carbon abundances from CH molecular lines for stars with a wide range of stellar parameters and compositions. I show that the differences with respect to classical analyses based on 1D models can be significant in very metal-poor stars and of the order of -0.5 to -1 dex in terms of logarithmic abundances of these important elements. I also examine the dependence of differential 3D-1D carbon abundance corrections on the oxygen abundance in carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars and show that such corrections are extremely sensitive to the atmospheric C/O ratio.
Original languageEnglish
Publication year1 Jul 2016
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2016
Event -


ConferenceThe 19th Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun (CS19), Uppsala Sweden, 06-10 June 2016


  • Stellar abundances, Stellar atmospheres, Hydrodynamics, Spectral line formation, Numerical modelling

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ID: 110154314