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Fate of tumor cells injected into left ventricle of heart in BALB/c mice: role of natural killer cells.

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The arrest, retention, and elimination (i.e., clearance) of radiolabeled YAC-1 lymphoma cells injected either iv or into the left ventricle (LV) of the heart were studied in male BALB/c mice, with special emphasis on the role of natural killer (NK) cells. After iv injection YAC-1 cells were arrested and, to a large extent, destroyed in the lungs, which contain the first capillary bed that iv injected tumor cells meet. After LV injection the initial distribution of the tumor cells, which depends on the distribution of cardiac output at the time of injection, was estimated by use of radiolabeled microspheres. Using this technique, we have shown that LV-injected tumor cells, in contrast to iv injected tumor cells, were not arrested in the first capillary bed that they encountered but passed viably through the microvasculature of the brain, heart, kidneys, intestinal tract, and to some extent, the bone, skin, and muscle. The only organs that could arrest the LV-injected tumor cells were the lungs and the liver. In the lungs clearance of YAC-1 cells began immediately after the cells were arrested. However, the rate of clearance could be almost abrogated by pretreatment of the recipients with anti-asialo GM1 antiserum, which destroys most of the NK cells in vivo and strongly depresses the in vitro NK cell activity. In contrast, YAC-1 cells arrested in the liver were not cleared from this organ during the first 1-2 hours after arrest. After this delay clearance of the cells commenced. Pretreatment of the recipients with anti-asialo GM1 also strongly depressed the clearance of tumor cells from the liver. Although pretreatment with polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid enhanced in vitro NK cell activity, it could augment only slightly the clearance of YAC-1 cells from the lungs and the liver. Thus these results strongly support the hypothesis that the rapid clearance of tumor cells from both the lungs and the liver depends, at least partially, on the NK cell activity within these organs.
Udgivelsesdato: 1988-Jul-6
Original languageEnglish
JournalNational Cancer Institute. Journal (Print)
Volume80
Issue9
Pages (from-to)657-65
Number of pages8
ISSN0027-8874
Publication statusPublished - 1988

    Research areas

  • Animals, Cardiac Output, Heart Ventricles, Injections, Injections, Intravenous, Killer Cells, Natural, Lung Neoplasms, Lymphoma, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Microspheres, Neoplasm Metastasis, Neoplasm Transplantation

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