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PhD, Associate professor
Moesgård Allé 20
building 4236, 215
Geographic and Thematic Specialization
My primary research interests’ center on issues of state formation, sovereignty, autonomy, citizenship, agrarian expansion and climate politics in frontier regions of Southeast Asia and Africa. In particular I investigate state-society dynamics in the Malaysian and Indonesian borderlands on the island of Borneo. Within this research frame, I have been dealing with different transnational processes such as illicit cross-border trade, labour migration, and other kinds of cross-border movements. Especially the anthropology of borderlands and borders is central to my analysis of the different practices and strategies taking place along Southeast Asia’s borders. My studies are based on extended fieldwork in both Indonesia and Malaysia and archival studies in British and Dutch archives. I have 14 years research experience on issues of state formation in Southeast Asia including a total of 40 month of fieldwork in the region. Additional experience includes international research networking, organization of workshops, internships within international development NGOs and public education and supervision at institutions of higher learning in Denmark, Indonesia, Malaysia and Tanzania. For aditional information visit my personal webpage: www.eilenberg.dk
Associate Professor, Aarhus University (oct 2014-present).
Assistant Professor, Aarhus University (July 2010-Oct 2014).
Coordinator of the Master's Program in Human Security & International Coordinator (2013-)
From October 2011 to March 2012 I was a Visiting Professor at Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto associated with the research cluster "Producing Wealth and Poverty in Indonesia's New Rural Economies" headed by Professor Tania Murray Li.
From February to April 2013 I was a Visiting Scholar at Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, UC Berkeley associated with the "ESPM Land Lab" headed by Professor Nancy Peluso.
“Eilenberg’s rich insights could not have been achieved without years spent developing trust and experiencing firsthand the ambiguity of a border as a zone of opportunity as well as control. The analysis of the border elite who combine traditional authority with bureaucratic ones, charisma with force, and legal practices with illegal ones throws into sharp relief a set of practices that are found not only on the fringes of the Indonesian nation, but on the fringes of its cities as well. Anyone interested in understanding how power works in Indonesia should read this book” - Professor Tania Murray Li, University of Toronto
“This pioneering study of state formation ‘at the margins’ forms a perfect demonstration of the promise of borderland studies. Eilenberg argues convincingly that borderlands – and the international borders that run through them – are critical sites for understanding shifting state-society relations. His book provides a powerful analysis of the local historical contexts of resource struggles, state policies and social strategies in what many consider to be a remote and insignificant Indonesian borderland. Eilenberg makes us realize how the unpredictable dynamics of such borderland societies affect entire nation-states” - Professor Willem van Schendel, University of Amsterdam
Current Research - Borders, Borderlands and the State
The aim of my current research is twofold: First to provide a local perspective on the rapid changing social and political environment in the borderland of West Kalimantan, Indonesia, and second, to create and understanding of the often paradoxical and conflicting relationship between border people and their states.
Research on the political, economical, and social processes along international borders have primarily taken a top down approach, mostly focusing on state level activities, and how nation-states deal with their borders and border people. Much less attention has been given to the local agency of borderland communities, and how these communities are continually engaged in negotiating the political and cultural significance and status of borders, through different transnational cross-border practices and relations.
My research rests on the premises that borders such as that between Indonesia and Malaysia offer an exciting study arena that can tell us important things about how marginal citizens relate to their nation-state and in particular how alliances, with their competing and multiple loyalties, are managed on a daily basis. Recent processes of decentralization have dramatically changed local political configurations in Indonesia. In particular, the remote regions at the edges of the state have, in the name of regional autonomy, experienced new spaces for maneuver. By stressing the unfolding relationship between border communities and the state I examine how local-level politics has taken its special configuration in the remote border region of West Kalimantan, Indonesia.
The Rise of Special Economic Zones in Asian Borderlands - RISEZAsia
The RISEZAsia project (2016-2018) studies the emergence of new Special Economic Zones (SEZ) that promotes the development of remote and resource rich borderlands across Asia. Theoretically the project wishes to develop tools for critical engagement with the unique forms of exclusion and marginalization in borderlands instigated by SEZs. Secondly, in addition to its contribution to theoretical framings of borderland political economy, the research is significant for documenting the processes through which Asian borderlands currently are experiencing some of the largest land-grabs in modern history. Through the creation of new SEZs, million of hectares of land are being annexed to mining and plantation companies for industrial exploitation and remote borderlands are being colonized by thousands of labor migrants. These large-scale acquisitions of land and the infrastructure projects it has enabled have large impact on these ecologically vulnerable border zones and its population. The project is funded by a Starting Grant from Aarhus University Research Foundation.
Rule and Rupture
Political power is established through the production of the fundamental social contracts of property and citizenship. We conduct research on how this takes place, by examining what political authority is actually exercised rather than measuring how governments fall short of theoretical ideals. In developing countries with legal and institutional pluralism, no single institution exercises the political authority as such. Different institutions compete to define and enforce rights to property and citizenship. We believe this is most visible at the local level and after moments of political rupture. Eight country studies with rural and urban field sites will be conducted in Asia, Africa and Latin America. This interdiciplinary research programme (2016-2020) is directed by Christian Lund at University of Copenhagen, and funded by the European Research Council (ERC). http://ruleandrupture.dk
Science and Power in Participatory Forestry - SCIFOR
The SCIFOR project (2014-2017) is a partnership between four institutions in Denmark, Tanzania and Nepal. In Denmark, the Department of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO), University of Copenhagen comprises one of the largest research environments on natural resources management and livelihoods in Europe, and this is bolstered with additional expertise on institutional ethnographic approaches by the partnership with the Department of Culture and Society, Aarhus University. The project is funded by Danida and led by associate professor Jens Friis Lund, and will study the so-called scientific forestry plans in Tanzania and Nepal and their role in granting – or not granting – rural people forest management rights. The aim of the project is to develop and promote participatory forestry approaches that, in practice, support equitable, environmentally sound, and economically rational forest management. Read more about SCIFOR: Science and Power in Participatory Forestry.
Photo link: https://images.eilenberg.dk/#collection/3
Agrarian Expansion and the Politics of Territoriality on the Indonesian-Malaysian Frontier
This project (2011-2014) studies the drive behind rapid agrarian expansion in frontier regions of developing states in Southeast Asia (video link). Specifically, it seeks to develop an integrated understanding of how the current expansion of state-sponsored plantation development along the Indonesian-Malaysian frontier is interlinked with national policy regimes of national development, issues of territorial sovereignty, and global market demands. The project is funded by a Sapere Aude - Young Elite Researcher Grant from the The Danish Council for Independent Research - Social Sciences.
Climate Politics and Carbon Economy - CliPo
Deforestation and degradation of forests in the tropics is depicted as a major source of emissions of CO2. It is estimated that between 12 and 20 percent of total world emissions of CO2 come from deforestation. REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) is seen as one of the tools that can help to ensure more effective forest conservation and reduce the proportion of CO2 emissions. The REDD program was launched in 2009 by the UN and is part of the Copenhagen Accord (COP-15). REDD funds is proposed to create economic incentives for developing countries to maintain and strengthen the management of their forests and thus help lower global emissions of CO2. Under this initiative, developing countries can refrain from deforestation and be credited for the amounts of CO2 that are left untouched. These credits can then be sold to industrialized countries that need to reduce emissions to meet their own targets.
This project (2012-2014) examines the paradoxical outcomes of the global and local negotiations over the value of forests and investigates the mechanisms behind the implementation of REDD as a specific value scheme in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. A main assumption is that when REDD initiatives and discourses of carbon trade are attempted implemented on the ground these global discourses will combine with local terms and practices producing unexpected effects or ‘friction’. Critics argue that REDD policies can be manipulated and threaten to generate land grabs, displacement, conflicts, corruption and impoverishment. REDD seems riddled with conflicts of interest. These can make the initiative very difficult to regulate without a combined understanding of the various interests at stake, and the relationships of power in which they are embedded. This project is funded by the Aarhus University Research Foundation.
Property and Citizenship in Developing Societies - Procit
This research unit, directed by Professor Christian Lund, University of Copenhagen, investigates the process of state formation and fragmentation in developing societies. We study this apparently incongruous process through a focus on local politics and the social production of property and citizenship. Conventional state theories, modeled after developed societies, see state institutions as a source of hegemony. We investigate how hegemonic struggles over the power to determine the parameters of property and citizenship create moments of sovereignty and form different institutions with state quality. It is in the creation of the political delineations of two fundamental aspects of social life: what we can have, and who we are - property and citizenship - that state quality is produced. The focus is the political, social and developmental consequences where states have limited empirical sovereignty and where states have been forced to cede ground to competing non-state forms of authority. We undertake field research in rural, peri-urban and urban contexts in Benin, Ghana, Indonesia, Laos, the Philippines and Zimbabwe.
Publication: Research - peer-review › Book chapter
Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article
Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article
Activity: Participation in conference/workshop/course/seminar › Organisation of or participation in conference
Activity: Lecture and oral contribution
Activity: Participation in conference/workshop/course/seminar › Participation in workshop, seminar, course