Diana Schendel


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Diana Schendel


  • Department of Public Health - Department of Epidemiology
  • Department of Economics and Business Economics - CIRRAU - Centre for Integrated Register-based Research
  • Department of Economics and Business Economics - National Centre for Register-based Research
Postal address:
Bartholins Allé 2
1260, 239
Aarhus C
Postal address:
Fuglesangs Allé 4
2640, 227
Aarhus V

Email: diana.schendel@ph.au.dk

Mobile: +4521627137

Phone: +4587165752


1989 PhD, Physical Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University
1980 MA, Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University
1977 BS, Biology/BS Anthropology, Florida State University

Professional Employment

2013 to present, Professor MSO, Aarhus University, dual position: Department of Public Health, Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine and Department of Economics and Business, National Centre for Register-based Research, Lundbeck Foundation Initiaitive for Integrative Psychiatric Research.

1993-2013, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Developmental Disabilities Branch, USA. Multiple positions: 2006-2013 Research Health Scientist, Team Lead (GS15);
2000-06 Lead Health Scientist (GS14); 1997-2000 Acting Chief, Analytic Studies Section (GS14); 1993-1997 Epidemiologist (GS13)

1991-1992, Massachusetts Health Research Institute, Woburn Environment and Birth Study, Senior Epidemiologist

1988-1990, Tufts University, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Assistant Professor/Lecturer

Professional Distinctions

2012 CDC - Nominee - Charles C. Shepard Science Award
2011 CDC - Nominee - Charles C. Shepard Science Award
2011 Recognized by Autism Speaks for exceptional research achievements
2010 CDC and ATSDR Honor Award 2009- Maternal Health Team–‘Excellence in Emergency Response’
2009 Nominee, Outstanding Supervisor, Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Cerebral Palsy Network Team, 36th Annual Federal Employee of the Year Awards
2005 Secretary of Health and Human Services’ Award for Distinguished Service–Autism Public Health Response Team
2002 CDC and ATSDR Group Honor Award–Research Operational–Autism Public Health Response Team
1997 Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine - Research Innovation Award
1997 CDC and ATSDR Honor Award - Research - Epidemiology and Laboratory
1997 CDC - Charles C. Shepard Science Award
1996 CDC - NCEH Director's Award
2013 to present – Member, Mothers and Babies in Norway and Denmark (MOBAND)
2011 to present – Member. Environmental Epidemiology in Autism Research Network organized by Autism Speaks and the National Institute of Environmental Health. Serve as external advisor on Network activities and initiatives.
2010 to present – Member, Task Force on Neonatal Encephalopathy and Cerebral Palsy formed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists charged with revision of the 2003 report entitled Neonatal Encephalopathy and Neurodevelopment
2010 to present – Member, Scientific Advisory Committee for the initiative, Evaluation of the immune and physiologic response in children with autism following immune challenge, formed by a partnership between Autism Speaks and the MIND Institute.
2010 to present – International Society for Autism Research – International Meeting for Autism Research Diversity Committee member.
2009 to present – Scientific Advisory Board Member – Global Autism Public Health Ireland (GAPH-Ireland). GAPH-Ireland was formed by a partnership between Autism Speaks and Irish Autism Action. The GAPH-Ireland initiative is intended to assist IAA in their new focus on autism surveillance, research and training.
2008 to present – Principal Investigator– International Collaboration for Autism Registry Epidemiology (iCARE)
2009 to 2010 – Member, Expert Advisory Panel for the Heinz Endowment in order to review and make recommendations regarding a study of the risk factors for childhood autism.
2008 to 2010 – European Network for Surveillance of Risk Factors of Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Invited collaborator on multi-site EU effort to develop and improve mechanisms for compiling risk factor and biomarker data for multi-site analytic epidemiologic studies of neurodevelopmental disorders
2007 - Autism and Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders Conference Workgroup: invited participant and presenter to assess the status of the current research base and to identify short- and long-term research questions and opportunities that will enhance future revisions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the International Classifications of Diseases, Mental and Behavioral Disorders section. Convened under the auspices of the American Psychiatric Association (APA), the World Health Organization WHO, and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) with supplemental funding from the University of California Davis’ Medical Investigation of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (M.I.N.D.) Institute.
2006 to 2009 - European Autism Information System (EU-funded)
o Invited consultant for planning of EAIS renewal, Cork, Ireland, September 2008
o Invited speaker at Launch Event of the European Autism Alliance, Brussels, Oct 2007
2005 to 2009 - Co-organizer for AS-CDC International Autism Epidemiology Network (IAEN), Chair - Registry workgroup;
2005 to 2007 – NIMH Autism Phenome Workgroup; member of science advisory group for the Collaborative Autism Phenome Project
2005 to 2008 - Epidemiology Subcommittee member of Scientific Advisory Board - Autism Speaks
2004 - Core Member: Pregnancy and the Infant Working Group.

Research Leadership

Research Leadership
2012-present, co-Director, Scientific and Analytic Oversight Committee, NIH Autism Center of Excellence, Multigenerational Familial and Environmental Risk for Autism (MINERvA) Network.
2003-2013 CDC Principal Investigator (PI), Centers for Autism and Developmental Disabilities Research and Epidemiology (CADDRE), multi-site collaborative research network.
2003-2012, CDC PI, Study to Explore Early Development (SEED), CDC site, multi-site case-control study of etiologic risk factors for autism.
2009-2013, PI, International Collaboration for Autism Registry Epidemiology (iCARE), multinational, 8-site research consortium funded by Autism Speaks.
2002-2009, CDC Science Lead: Collaborative Public Health Research Program in Denmark

Peer Review

Peer reviewer for 24 international journals (e.g., NEJM, JAMA, Pediatrics) and grants agencies (e.g., National Institutes of Health, Autism Speaks, UK Medical Research Council)

Invited Presentations

2013 Can neonatal encephalopathy be prevented? Patient safety, clinical intervention, public health measures and surveillance. At ‘Neonatal Encephalopathy and Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy: Advancing the Science and Improving Outcomes’, sponsored by Balnaves Foundation, NICHD, IMPACT for CP, Cerebral Palsy Alliance, Bethesday, MD, USA, May 2013.
2012 An overview of causes and risks for autism spectrum disorders. GSU Regents Center for Learning Disabilities, Disability Service Provider Meeting, June 28, 2012.
2010 Guest speaker, 9th Annual Pediatric Research Day jointly sponsored by the Department of Pediatrics and Human Development at Michigan State University and the Department of Pediatrics at Wayne State University, East Lansing, MI, Mar 12, 2010.
2009 Unraveling the causes of autism (and what is CDC doing about it)? Invited speaker and panelist for the symposium: Latest Moves in Unraveling Autism
at the 2009 annual meeting of the Association of Healthcare Journalists, Seattle, WA, April 18, 2009
2008 What we know and what we need to know about the role of perinatal factors in autism. Invited Speaker for the Elizabeth Connelly Memorial Conference on Autism: Prenatal and Perinatal Issues, and Evidence-Based Assessment and Intervention, NYS Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, Staten Island, NY, April 17, 2008.
2007 Environmental Epidemiology: Centers for Autism and Developmental Disabilities Research and Epidemiology (CADDRE). Autism and the Environment: Challenges and Opportunities for Research – A Workshop. Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders, Institute of Medicine, Washington DC, April 18-19, 2007.
2006 Autism Surveillance and Epidemiologic Research at CDC. Michigan State University, Department of Epidemiology Seminar, January 12, 2006
2005 Autism Activities in the CDC – Denmark Collaboration. Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee Meeting, Bethesda, MD, November 18, 2005.
2004 The Epidemiology of Developmental Disabilities. Dansk Epidemiologisk Selskab, Hindsgavl Slot, Denmark, September 5, 2004.
2004 Maternal immune system changes in term pregnancy. Measurement of Maternal and Fetal Infection and Inflammation in the National Children’s Study Workshop, Baltimore, MD. May 2004.
2004 CDC Centers for Autism and Developmental Disabilities Research and Epidemiology (CADDRE). Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee Meeting, National Institutes of Health. Bethesda, MD, May 11, 2004.
2003 Developing a National Agenda Epidemiological and Environmental Research in Autism: Update on CDC Activities. Autism Summit Conference, Washington, DC. November 19-20, 2003.
1997 Magnesium sulfate exposure and the risk of cerebral palsy & mental retardation in very low birth weight survivors. Presented at the 1997 Frances Glenn Mayson Lecture, March 25, 1997, Crawford Long Hospital of Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
1996 Beyond Cerebral Palsy: Prenatal Magnesium Sulfate Exposure and the Risk for Mental Retardation. Presented at the Magnesium and Cerebral Palsy Hypothesis International Workshop, Oct 31- Nov 1, 1996. The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
1994 The Woburn Environment and Birth Study: Reproductive Effects of Exposure to TCE-Contaminated Water. Seminar presented at the Emory University School of Public Health, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health.

PhD Student Thesis Committee Member/Advisor

Two ongoing (Aarhus University); five complete (Aarhus University, Emory University USA)


Neonatal Encephalopathy and Neurodevelopment. Second Edition. 2014. Task Force on Neonatal Encephalopathy, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. D Schendel: Chapter 1 lead with (in alphabetic order) N Badawi, E Blair, M Johnston, S McIntyre, K Nelson, L Papile, Y Wu.

Schendel D. Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy: epidemiology and long-term neurologic outcome. In: Neonatal Encephalopathy and Subsequent Cerebral Palsy: Defining the Pathogenesis and Pathophysiology. Report by the Task Force on Neonatal Encephalopathy, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. 2003.

The Woburn Environment and Birth Study Research Team (DE Schendel, principal author). The Woburn Environment and Birth Study: Reports of the Retrospective Study Inter-Community Analysis, the Retrospective Study Wells G and H Analysis and the Prospective Surveillance Study. Vols I and II. 1994

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports (MMWR)

Economic costs associated with mental retardation, cerebral palsy, hearing loss, and vision impairment --- United States, 2003. Reported by: A Honeycutt, PhD, L Dunlap, MA, H Chen, MA, G al Homsi, MA, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC. S Grosse, PhD, D Schendel, PhD, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, CDC. MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2004; 53(3):57-59.

Vitamin A deficiency among children—Federated States of Micronesia, 2000. MMWR 2001; 50(24):509-12.

Mental retardation following diagnosis of a metabolic disorder in children aged 3-10 years - Metropolitan Atlanta Developmental Disabilities Surveillance Program. MMWR 1999; 48(17):353-56.

Boyle, CA, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Doernberg N, Holmgreen P, Murphy CC, Schendel DE. Prevalence of selected developmental disabilities in children 3-10 years of age: the Metropolitan Atlanta Developmental Disabilities Surveillance Program, 1991. MMWR April 19, 1996; 45(SS-2): 1-14.

Select Publications

Atladottir HO, Gyllenberg D, Langridge A, Sandin S, Hansen, SN, Leonard H, Gissler M, Reichenberg A, Schendel DE, Bourke J, Huiltman CM, Grice DE, Buxbaum JD, Parner ET. The increasing prevalence of reported diagnoses of childhood psychiatric disorders: a descriptive multinational comparison. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2014 (in press).

Executive Summary: Neonatal Encephalopathy and Neurologic Outcome, Second Edition. Report of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ Task Force on Neonatal Encephalopathy: Mary E. D’Alton, MD, Chair; Gary D.V. Hankins, MD, Vice Chair; Richard L. Berkowitz, MD; Jessica Bienstock, MD, MPH; Alessandro Ghidini, MD; Jay Goldsmith, MD; Rosemary Higgins, MD; Thomas R. Moore, MD; Renato Natale, MD; Karin B. Nelson, MD; Lu-Ann Papile, MD; Donald Peebles, MD; Roberto Jose Romero, MD; Diana Schendel, PhD; Catherine Yvonne Spong, MD; Richard N. Waldman, MD; Yvonne Wu, MD, MPH; and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ staff: Gerald F. Joseph Jr, MD; Debra Hawks, MPH; Alyssa Politzer, MA; Chuck Emig, MA; and Kelly Thomas. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2014;123: 896–901. doi: 10.1097/01.AOG.0000445580.65983.d2

Schendel D, Grønborg T, Parner E. The genetic and environmental contributions to autism. Looking beyond twins. invited editorial. JAMA. 2014;311(17):1738-1739. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.3554.

Miller JE, Pedersen LH, Streja E, Bech BH, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Van Naarden Braun K, Schendel DE, Christensen D, Uldall P, Olsen J. Maternal bacterial infections during pregnancy and the risk of cerebral palsy in singleton births: a Danish population-based cohort study. Paediatr Perinat Epidmiol 2013; 27:542-552.

Sørensen MJ, Grønborg TK, Christensen J, Parner ET, Vestergaard M, Schendel D, Pedersen LH. Prenatal antidepressant exposure and risk of autism - a population-based study. Clinical Epidemiology 2013; 5 449–459.

Streja E, Miller JE, Bech BH, Greene N, Pedersen LH, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Van Naarden Braun K, Schendel DE, Christensen D, Uldall P, Olsen J. Congenital cerebral palsy and prenatal exposure to self-reported maternal infections, fever, or smoking. Amer J Obstet Gynecol 18 June 2013. pii: S0002-9378(13)00631-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2013.06.023. [Epub ahead of print]

Grønborg TK, Schendel DE, Parner E. The recurrence of autism spectrum disorders in Danish families: a population-based cohort study. JAMA Pediatrics 19 Aug 2013. DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.2259 [Epub ahead of print]

Lauritsen MB, Astrup A, Pedersen CB, Obel C, Schendel DE, Schieve L, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Parner ET. Urbanicity and Autism Spectrum Disorders. J Autism Devel Disord 27 Jun 2013 [Epub ahead of print]DOI 10.1007/s10803-013-1875-y

Christensen J, Grønborg TK, Sørensen MJ, Schendel D, Parner E, Pedersen LH, Vestergaard M. Prenatal valproate exposure and risk of autism spectrum disorders and childhood autism – a population-based study. JAMA 2013; 309(16):1696-703.

Schendel DE, Bresnahan M, Carter KW, Francis RW, Gissler M, Grønborg TK, Gross R, Gunnes N, Hornig M, Hultman CM, Langridge A, Lauritsen MB, Leonard H, Parner ET, Reichenberg A, Sandin S, Sourander A, Stoltenberg C, Suominen A, Surén P, Susser E. The International Collaboration for Autism Registry Epidemiology (iCARE): Multinational Registry-Based Investigations of Autism Risk Factors and Trends. J Autism Devel Disord 2013; 43(11):2650-63.

Zhu JL, Hasle H, Correa A, Schendel D, Friedman JM, Olsen J, Rasmussen SA. Hospitalizations among people with Down syndrome: a nationwide population-based study in Denmark. Am J Med Genet A 2013;161(4):650-7.

Natarajan G, Shankaran S, McDonald S, Das A, Ehrenkranz RA, Goldberg RN, Stoll BJ, Tyson JE, Higgins RD, Schendel D, Hougaard D, Skogstrand K, Thorsen P and Carlo WA for the NICHD Neonatal Research Network Plasma Association between Blood spot Transforming Growth factor  (TGF ) and Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Extremely Low Birth Weight infants. Pediatr Cardiol 2013; 34(1):149-54.

Zhu JL, Hasle H, Correa A, Schendel D, Friedman JM, Olsen J, Rasmussen SA. Survival among people with Down syndrome: a nationwide population-based study in Denmark. Genet Med 2013;15(1):64-9. doi: 10.1038/gim.2012.93. Epub 2012 Aug 9.

Schendel D, Nelson K, Blair E. Neonatal encephalopathy or hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Letter to the Editor. Annal Neurol 2012; 72(6): 984-5.

Atladóttir HÓ, Henriksen TB, Schendel DE, Parner ET. Autism after Infection, Febrile Episodes, and Use of Antibiotics during Pregnancy: an Exploratory Study Pediatrics 2012; published online Nov 12, 2012 (DOI: 10.1542/peds.2012-1107).

Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA, McDonald SA, Das A, Schendel D, Thorsen P, Hougaard DM, Skogstrand K, Higgins RD for the Cytokine and GDB Subcommittees of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Cytokines Associated with Post-Hemorrhagic Ventricular Dilation in Premature Infants. Amer J Perinatology 2012; 29(9):731-740.

Atladóttir HÓ, Henriksen TB, Schendel DE, Parner ET. Using maternal reported data to investigate the association between childhood infection and autism spectrum disorder: the importance of data source. Paediatric Perinat Epidemiol 2012; 26:373-385.

Schendel DE, DiGuiseppi C, Croen LA, Fallin MD, Reed PL, Schieve LA, Wiggins LD, Daniels J, Grether J, Levy SE, Miller L, Newschaffer C, Pinto-Martin J, Robinson C, Windham GC, Alexander A, Aylsworth AS, Bernal P, Bonner JD, Blaskey L, Bradley C, Collins J, Ferretti CJ, Farzadegan H, Giarelli E, Harvey M, Hepburn S, Herr M, Kaparich K, Landa R, Lee L-C, Levenseller B, Meyerer S, Rahbar MH, Ratchford A, Reynolds A, Rosenberg S, Rusyniak J, Shapira SK, Smith K, Souders M, Thompson PA, Young L, Yeargin-Allsopp M. The Study to Explore Early Development (SEED): A Multisite Epidemiologic Study of Autism by the Centers for Autism and Developmental Disabilities Research and Epidemiology (CADDRE) Network. JADD 2012; 42:2121–2140.

Atladóttir HÓ, Schendel DE, Lauritsen MB, Henriksen TB, Parner ET. Patterns of Contact to Hospital for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: a Danish Register Based Study. JADD 2012. Aug; 42(8):1717-28.

Schieve LA, Rice C, Devine O, Maenner MJ, Lee LC, Fitzgerald R, Wingate MS, Schendel D, Pettygrove S, Van Naarden Braun K, Durkin MS. Have secular changes in perinatal risk factors contributed to the recent autism prevalence increase? -- Development and application of a mathematical assessment model. Ann Epidemiol 2011; 21:930-945.

Carlo WA, McDonald SA, Tyson JE, Stoll BJ, Ehrenkranz RA, Shankaran S, Goldberg RN, Das A, Schendel D, Thorsen P, Skogstrand K, Hougaard DM, Oh W, Laptook AR, Duara S, Fanaroff AA, Donovan EF, Korones SB, Stevenson DK, Papile L, Finer NN, O’Shea TM; Poindexter BB, Wright LL, Ambalavanan N, Higgins RD, for the NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Cytokines and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants. J Pediatrics 2011; 159(6):919-25.

Schelonka RL, Maheshwari A, Carlo WA, Taylor S, Hansen NI, Schendel DE, Thorsen P, Skogstrand K, Hougaard DM, Higgins RD for the Neonatal Research Network. T cell cytokines and the risk of blood stream infection in extremely low birth weight infants. Cytokine 2011; 53(2):249-255.

Avchen RN, Wiggins LD, Devine O. Van Naarden-Braun K, Rice CE, Hobson N, Schendel D, Yeargin-Allsopp M. Evaluation of a record-review surveillance system used to determine the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders. J Autism Developmental Disorders 2011; 41: 227-236.

Hvidtjørn D, Grove J, Schendel D, Schieve L, Svaerke C, Ernst E, Thorsen P. Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders in children born after assisted conception. A population-based follow-up study. J Epidemiol Community Health 2011; 65(6):497-502.

Pearce B, Grove J, Bonney EA, Garvin S, Bliwise N, Dudley DJ, Schendel DE, Thorsen P. Interrelationship of MIF with other cytokines, HPA axis hormones, and psychosocial variables in the prediction of preterm birth. Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2010; 70(1):40-6.

Atladóttir HÓ, Thorsen P, Østergaard L, Schendel DE, Lemcke S, Abdallah M, Parner ET. Maternal Infection requiring hospitalization during pregnancy and autism spectrum disorders. J Autism Developmental Disorders 2010; 40(12):1423-30.

Hvidtjorn D, Grove J, Schendel D, Svaerke C, Schieve LA, Uldall P, Ernst E, Jacobsson B, Thorsen P. Multiplicity and early gestational age contribute to an increased risk of cerebral palsy from assisted conception: a population-based cohort study. Human Reproduction 2010; 25(8): 2115-2123.

Schendel DE, Rice C, Cunniff C. The contribution of rare diseases to understanding the epidemiology of neurodevelopmental disabilities. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 2010; 686:433-453.

Hamrick S, Strickland M, Shapira SK, Autry A, Schendel D. Use of special education services among children with and without congenital gastrointestinal anomalies. Am J on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities 2010; 115: 421-432.

Atladóttir HÓ, Thorsen P, Schendel DE, Østergaard L, Lemcke S, Parner ET. The association of hospitalization for infection in childhood with diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders: a Danish cohort study. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2010; 164(5):470-7.

Kesmodel US, Underbjerg M, Kilburn T, Bakketeig L, Mortensen EL, Landrø NI, Schendel D, Bertrand J, Grove J, Ebrahim S, Thorsen P. Lifestyle during pregnancy: Neurodevelopmental effects at age 5 – the design and implementation of a prospective follow-up study. Scandinavian Journal Public Health 2010; 38: 208-219.

Sood BG, Madan A, Saha S, Shankaran S, Schendel DE, Thorsen P, Hougaard D, Skogstrand K, Carlo WA On behalf of the NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Perinatal Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome and Retinopathy of Prematurity: Is there a Relationship? Pediatric Research 2010; 67: 394-400.

Lauritsen MB, Jørgensen M, Madsen KM, Lemcke S, Toft S, Grove J, Schendel DE, Thorsen P. Validity of Childhood Autism in the Danish Psychiatric Central Register - Findings From a Cohort Sample Born 1990-1999. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2010; 40:139-148.

Hvidtjorn D, Schieve LA, Schendel D, Grove J, Ernst E, Olsen J, Thorsen P. Validation of self reported data on assisted conception in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Human Reproduction 2009; 24: 2332-2340.

Schendel D, Autry A, Wines R, Moore C. The co-occurrence of autism and birth defects: prevalence and risk in a population-based cohort. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 2009; 51: 779-786.

Curry AE, Vogel I, Drews C, Schendel DE, Skogstrand K, Flanders WD, Hougaard DM, Olsen J, Thorsen P. First-trimester maternal plasma cytokine levels, pre-pregnancy body mass index, and spontaneous preterm delivery. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2009; 88:332-342.

Schendel D. Cerebral palsy and preterm birth: how far have we come? Pediatric Health 2009; 3: 111-113.

Namasivayam A, Carlo WA, D’Angio CT, McDonald SA, Schendel D, Thorsen P. Cytokines Association with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia or Death in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants: A Role for T-lymphocytes? Pediatrics 2009; 123:1132-1141.

Schieve LA, Boulet SL, Boyle C, Rasmussen S, Schendel D. Health of children 3 to 17 years of age with Down syndrome in the 1997 – 2005 National Health Interview Survey. Pediatrics 2009; 123: e253-e260.

Hvidtjørn D, Schieve L, Schendel D, Jacobsson B, Svaerke C, Thorsen P. Cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorders and developmental delay in children born after Artificial Reproductive Techniques: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2009; 163:72-83.

Nielsen L, Schendel D, Grove J, Hvidtjørn D, Jacobsson B, Jossiassen T, Vestergaard M, Uldall P, Thorsen P. Asphyxia-related risk factors and their timing in cerebral palsy- a population based case-control study. Brit J Obstet Gynecol 2008; 115: 1518-1528.

Parner E, Schendel D, Thorsen P. Autism Prevalence Trends Over Time: The Confounding of Changes in Age at Diagnosis. Amer Academy Child Psychiatry 2008; 162 (12):1-8.

Maimburg RD, Væth M, Schendel DE, Hammer Bech B, Thorsen P. Neonatal Jaundice; a risk factor for Infantile Autism? Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2008; 22(6): 562-568.

Pearce BD, Garvin SE, Grove J, Bonney EA, Dudley DJ, Schendel DE, Thorsen P. Serum macrophage migration inhibitory factor in the prediction of preterm delivery. Am J Obstetrics and Gynecology 2008; 199: 46.e1-6.

Schendel D, Bhasin Karapurkar T. Birth weight and gestational age characteristics of children with autism, including a comparison with other developmental disabilities. Pediatrics 2008; 121(6):1155-64.

Skogstrand K, Hougaard D, Schendel D, Nørgaard-Pedersen B, Thorsen P. Preterm birth may be associated with a sustained postnatal inflammatory response. Obstet Gynecol 2008; 111: 1118-1128.

Curry AE, Vogel I, Skogstrand K., Drews C, Schendel DE, Flanders WD, Hougaard DM, Thorsen P. Maternal plasma cytokines in early and mid-gestation of normal human pregnancy and their association with maternal factors. Journal of Reproductive Immunology 2008; 77(2):152-160.

Schendel D. Invited Commentary: Autism prevalence following prenatal exposure to hurricanes and tropical storms in Louisiana. Evidence Based Mental Health 2008; 11:32.

Curry AE, Vogel I, Drews C, Schendel DE, Skogstrand K, Flanders WD, Hougaard DM, Olsen J, Thorsen P. Mid-pregnancy maternal plasma levels of interleukin 2, 6, and 12, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interferon-gamma, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and spontaneous preterm delivery. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 2007; 86(9):1103-1110.

Parner ET, Reefhuis J, Schendel D, Thomsen JL, Ovesen T, Thorsen P. Hearing loss diagnosis followed by meningitis in Danish children, 1995–2004. Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery 2007; 136(3):428-33

Atladóttir HÓ, Parner ET, Dalsgaard S, Schendel D, Thomsen PH, Thorsen P. Variation in incidence of neurodevelopmental disorders with season of birth: an evaluation of four childhood-onset neuropsychiatric conditions. Epidemiology 2007; 18:240-245.

Newschaffer CJ, Croen LA, Daniels JL, Giarelli E, Grether JK, Kaparich KD, Levy SE, Mandell DS, Miller LA, Pinto-Martin J, Ratchford AM, Reaven J, Reynolds AM, Rice CE, Robinson C, Rosenburg SA, Schendel DE, Windham GC. The epidemiology of autism spectrum disorders. Annual Review of Public Health 2007; 28: 235-258.

Atladóttir HÓ, Parner ET, Schendel D, Dalsgaard S, Thomsen PH, Thorsen P. Time trends in reported diagnoses of childhood neuropsychiatric disorders: a Danish cohort study. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2007; 161:193-198.

Bhasin Karapurkar T, Schendel D. Sociodemographic risk factors for autism in a US metropolitan area. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2007; 37(4): 667-677.

Hvidtjørn D, Grove J, Schendel D, Væth M, Ernst E, Nielsen K, Thorsen P. Cerebral palsy in children born after in vitro fertilization: the role of preterm delivery – a population-based, cohort study. Pediatrics 2006; 118:475-482.

Rurangirwa JK, Van Naarden Braun K, Schendel DE, Yeargin-Allsopp M. Healthy behaviors and lifestyles in young adults with a history of developmental disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities 2006; 27:381-399.

Skogstrand K, Thorsen P, Nørgaard-Pedersen B, Schendel DE, Miranda M, Sørensen LC, Hougaard DM. Simultaneous determination of 25 inflammmatory markers and neurotrophins in neonatal dried blood spots by immunosassay xMAP technology. Clinical Chemistry 2005; 51:1854-1866.

Hvidtjørn D, Grove J, Schendel D, Væth M, Ernst E, Nielsen L, Thorsen P. “Vanishing embryo syndrome” in IVF/ICSI. Human Reproduction 2005; 20: 2550 - 2551.

Larsson H, Eaton W, Madsen K, Vestergaard M, Olesen A, Agerbo E, Schendel D, Thorsen P, Mortensen PB. Risk factors for autism: Perinatal factors, parental psychiatric history and socioeconomic status. Amer J Epid 2005; 161:916-925.

Vestergaard M, Hviid A, Madsen KM, Wohlfahrt J, Thorsen P, Schendel D, Melbye M, Olsen J. In reply. JAMA 2004; 292: 2083-2084.

Vestergaard M, Hviid A, Madsen KM, Wohlfahrt J, Thorsen P, Schendel D, Melbye M, Olsen J. MMR vaccination and febrile seizures: evaluation of susceptible subgroups and long-term prognosis. JAMA 2004; 292: 351-357.

Schieve L, Rasmussen S, Buck G, Schendel D, Reynolds M, Wright V. Are children born after assisted reproductive technology at increased risk for adverse health outcomes? Obstetrics & Gynecology 2004; 103(6):1154-1163.

Rice C, Schendel D, Cuniff C, Doernberg N. Public health monitoring of developmental disabilities with a focus on the autism spectrum disorders. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in Medical Genetics 2004; 125C(1):22-27.

Van Naarden Braun K, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Schendel D, Fernhoff P. Long-term developmental outcomes of children identified through a newborn screening program with a metabolic or endocrine disorder: a population-based approach. J Pediatr 2003; 143:236-242.

Honeycutt A, Grosse S, Dunlap L, Schendel D, Chen H, Brann E, al Homsi G. Economic costs of mental retardation, cerebral palsy, hearing loss, and vision impairment. . In: Altman BM, Barnartt SN, Hendershot G, Larson S. ed. Using Survey Data to Study Disability. Results from the National Health Interview Survey on Disability. Research in Social Science and Disability, Volume 3: 207-228. London: Elsevier. 2003

Cauci S, Thorsen P, Schendel DE, Bremmelgaard A, Viglino P, Quadrifoglio F, Guaschino S. Determination of immunoglobulin A against Gardnerella vaginalis hemolysin, sialidase, and prolidase activities in vaginal fluid: implications for adverse pregnancy outcomes. J Clin Microbiol 2003; 41:435-438.

Madsen KM, Hviid A, Vestergaard M, Schendel DE, Wohlfart J, Thorsen P, Olsen J, Melbye M. A population-based study of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination and autism. N Engl J Med 2002; 347:1477-1482.

Schendel DE, Schuchat A, Thorsen P. Public health issues related to infection in pregnancy and cerebral palsy. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews 2002; 8:39-45.

Thorsen P, Schendel D, Deshpande AD, Vogel I, Dudley DJ, Olsen J. identification of biological/biochemical marker(s) for preterm delivery. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2001; 15(suppl):90-103.

Schendel DE. Infection in pregnancy and cerebral palsy. J American Medical Women’s Association 2001; 56: 105-8.

Boyle CA, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Schendel DE, Holmgreen P, Oakley GP. Tocolytic magnesium sulfate exposure and the risk for cerebral palsy among children with birth weights less than 1750 grams. Amer J Epid 2000; 152: 120-124.

Murphy CC, Boyle C, Schendel D, Decoufle P, Yeargin-Allsopp M. Epidemiology of mental retardation. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews 1998; 4:6-13.

Schendel DE, Stockbauer JW, Hoffman HJ, Herman AA, Berg CJ, Schramm WF. Relation between very low birthweight and developmental delay among preschool children without disabilities. Amer J Epid 1997; 740-749.

Schendel DE, Berg CJ, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Boyle CA, Decoufle P. Prenatal magnesium sulfate exposure and the risk of cerebral palsy. JAMA 1997; 277: 1033-1034 (reply).

Schendel DE, Berg CJ, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Boyle CA, Decoufle P. Prenatal magnesium sulfate exposure and the risk for cerebral palsy or mental retardation in very low birthweight children aged 3 to 5 years. JAMA 1996;276:1805-1810.