Department of Law

Graham Butler

Associate professor

Graham Butler


Dr. Graham Butler (B.A., LL.M., Ph.D.) is Associate Professor of Law at Aarhus University, Denmark.

Dr. Butler is the author of Constitutional Law of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (Hart/Bloomsbury 2019), the only monograph dedicated to the law of the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) in modern times. 

His research has been published in the leading academic law reviews and journals related to European law, including the European Law Review, European Constitutional Law Review, Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, the Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies, the Yearbook of European Law, Legal Issues of Economic Integration, the Columbia Journal of European Law, Nordic Journal of International Law, the Journal of European Public Policy, International Organizations Law Review, the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law, amongst others.

He has also contributed to several edited volumes and collections published by Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, Hart Publishing, BloomsburyEdward Elgar, Routledge, Intersentia, and more. 

Dr. Butler's research has been cited in two cases before the Court of Justice of the European Union, the EU's highest court. Firstly, his research was cited in a Grand Chamber case concerning the EU's Area of Freedom, Security, and Justice (Justice and Home Affairs) in the Opinion of Advocate General Eleanor Sharpston in Case C-670/16, Tsegezab Mengesteab v Federal Republic of Germany in 2017. Secondly, his research was also cited in another Grand Chamber case concerning, inter alia, the European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI), EU institutional law, scope of executive discretion, standards of judicial review, and EU procedural law in the Opinion of Advocate General Michal Bobek in Case C-418/18 P, Puppinck and Others v European Commission, an appeal of a judgment of the EU General Court in Case T-561/14, One of Us and Others v Commission. 

Dr. Butler holds a number of academic degrees from University College Dublin (UCD), National University of Ireland (NUI); the University of Iceland (Háskóli Íslands); and the University of Copenhagen (Københavns Universitet), Denmark.

As Associate Professor of Law at Aarhus University, Dr. Butler primarily conducts research in European Union law, EU constitutional law, EU external relations law, EU procedural law, and comparative constitutional law.

His website is

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