Tissue distribution of oral vitamin B12 is influenced by B12 status and B12 form: an experimental study in rats

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PURPOSE: Hydroxocobalamin (HOCbl) is the dominating Cbl form in food, whereas cyanocobalamin (CNCbl) is common in vitamin pills and oral supplements. This study compares single-dose absorption and distribution of oral HO[57Co]Cbl and CN[57Co]Cbl in Cbl-deficient and normal rats.
METHODS: Male Wistar rats (7 weeks) were fed a 14-day diet with (n = 15) or without (n = 15) Cbl. We compared the uptakes of HO[57Co]Cbl (free or bound to bovine transcobalamin) and free CN[57Co]Cbl administered by gastric gavage (n = 5 in each diet group). Rats were sacrificed after 24 h. Blood, liver, kidney, brain, heart, spleen, intestines, skeletal muscle, 24-h urine and faeces were collected, and the content of [57Co]Cbl was measured. Endogenous Cbl in tissues and plasma was analysed by routine methods.
RESULTS: Mean endogenous plasma-Cbl was sevenfold lower in deficient vs. normal rats (190 vs. 1330 pmol/L, p < 0.0001). Cbl depletion increased endogenous Cbl ratios (tissue/plasma = k in/k out) in all organs except for the kidney, where the ratio decreased considerably. Twenty-four-hour accumulation of labelled Cbl showed that HOCbl > CNCbl (liver) and CNCbl > HOCbl (brain, muscle and plasma).
CONCLUSIONS: The Cbl status of rats and the administered Cbl form influence 24-h Cbl accumulation in tissues and plasma.
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Sider (fra-til)1-11
StatusUdgivet - 20 mar. 2017

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