Internationalism, and engineering in UNESCO during the end game of empire 1940-68

Publikation: Forskning - peer reviewTidsskriftartikel

When UNESCO was founded in 1945 the organization aimed to become a pivotal player in international collaboration in the field of engineering. UNESCO based its engineering initiatives on the World Engineering Conference, an organization espousing a politically motivated “technocratic internationalism” and on the World Power Conference, an organization promoting a business-friendly stance of “engineering internationalism.” These competing models for international collaboration curtailed UNESCO’s institutional ambitions. UNESCO’s position was further weakened by fierce opposition from British engineering institutions that pursued a Commonwealth institutional framework in direct opposition to UNESCO. This article unravels the intricate connections between empire and internationalism that shaped UNESCO’s engineering agenda during the first post-war decades. It demonstrates how competing forms of internationalism, mounting cold war tensions, and the continuous influence of a British empire-based opposition ultimately forced UNESCO to abandon its technocratic internationalist ambitions and settle for a modest coordinating role in international technical collaboration.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftTechnology and Culture
Vol/bind58
Tidsskriftsnummer3
Sider (fra-til)650-677
Antal sider27
ISSN0040-165X
StatusUdgivet - 1 jul. 2017

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