When what we do becomes what we say: Joint epistemic action as the starting point for metaphoricity

Publikation: Forskning - peer reviewKonferenceabstrakt til konference

How can it be determined if a group co-creates and negotiates a common metaphorical concept or if they stick each to their own individual concept? Providing toy bricks as a shared mode besides language and gesture has been elaborated in a number of studies (Heracleous & Jacobs, 2008; Jacobs & Heracleous, 2006; Jacobs, Oliver, & Heracleous, 2013). However the effect of co-creation task and the following reflections about the buildings is not accounted for. Metaphor and metaphoricity in conversations as opposed to written or planned language has been studied in depth, as well, but not with the focus on negotiation and co-creation of metaphoricity (Cameron & Deignan, 2006; Cameron, 2007; Cameron et al., 2009; Jensen & Cuffari, 2014). What is suggested by the present study is that for a concept to be co-created by a group, shared modes are not enough. What analysts must be aware of is how concepts travel between modes and participants. For a negotiation and co-creation to take place, using joint epistemic action (Bjørndahl, Fusaroli, Østergaard, & Tylén, 2014; Clark & Chalmers, 1998; Kirsh & Maglio, 1994) integrated with metaphoricity in language and gesture establishes the attractors necessary for a temporarily stable and shared concept (Johnson, 2013). This paper presents six cases, three of which succeed in co-creating stable metaphorical concepts and three do not. The dominating principle is that concepts appearing in more than one mode are more likely to travel between modes and participants, as compared to concepts occurring only in one mode and with one participant. The implications of these findings are a new perspective on analyzing metaphoricity in conversation and a more nuanced approach to analyzing the effect of shared modes. What groups do in gesture and epistemic action influences how they conceptualize, and thus what they do becomes what they say, if what they do is distributed over modes and participants.
StatusUdgivet - 2016
BegivenhedMetaphor Festival - Amsterdam , Holland


KonferenceMetaphor Festival
LokationUniversity of Amsterdam

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