Institut for Statskundskab

Capabilitarian Sufficiency: Capabilities and Social Justice

Publikation: Forskning - peer reviewTidsskriftartikel

DOI

This paper suggests an account of sufficientarianism—i.e. that justice is fulfilled when everyone has enough—laid out within a general framework of the capability approach. In doing so, it seeks to show that sufficiency is especially plausible as an ideal of social justice when constructed around key capabilitarian insights such as freedom, pluralism, and attention to empirical interconnections between central capabilities. Correspondingly, we elaborate on how a framework for evaluating social justice would look when constructed in this way and give reasons for why capabilitarians should embrace sufficientarianism. We do this by elaborating on how capabilitarian values underpin sufficiency. On this basis, we identify three categories of central capabilities; those related to biological and physical needs, those to fundamental interests of a human agent, and those to fundamental interests of a social being. In each category, we argue, achieving sufficiency requires different distributional patterns depending on how the capabilities themselves work and interrelate. This argument adds a new dimension to the way capabilitarians think about social justice and changes how we should target instances of social justice from social-political viewpoint.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Human Development and Capabilities
Vol/bind18
Tidsskriftsnummer1
Sider (fra-til)46-59
Antal sider14
ISSN1945-2829
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

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