A method of establishing a transect for biodiversity and ecosystem function monitoring across Europe

Publikation: Forskning - peer reviewTidsskriftartikel

  • D. Stone
    D. StoneLeeds UniversityIrish Agriculture and Food Development Authority (TEAGASC)
  • P. Blomkvist
    P. BlomkvistDepartment of Forest Ecology and Management, UmeåDanmark
  • N. Bohse Hendriksen
  • M. Bonkowski
    M. BonkowskiUniversitat zu KolnDanmark
  • H. Bracht Jørgensen
    H. Bracht JørgensenLunds UniversitetDanmark
  • F. Carvalho
    F. CarvalhoUniversidade de CoimbraDanmark
  • M. B. Dunbar
    M. B. DunbarEuropean Commission, DG Joint Research Centre, Ispra (VA)Danmark
  • C. Gardi
    C. GardiEuropean Commission, DG Joint Research Centre, Ispra (VA)Danmark
  • S. Geisen
    S. GeisenUniversitat zu KolnDanmark
  • R. Griffiths
    R. GriffithsCentre for Ecology and HydrologyDanmark
  • A. S. Hug
    A. S. HugAgroscope Institute for Sustainability Sciences (ISS), ZürichDanmark
  • John Jensen
  • H. Laudon
    H. LaudonDanmark
  • S. Mendes
    S. MendesUniversidade de Coimbra
  • P. V. Morais
    P. V. MoraisUniversidade de CoimbraDanmark
  • A. Orgiazzi
    A. OrgiazziEuropean Commission, DG Joint Research Centre, Ispra (VA)Danmark
  • P. Plassart
    P. PlassartUMR 1347 AgroécologieDanmark
  • J. Römbke
    J. RömbkeECT Oekotoxikologie GmbH
  • M. Rutgers
    M. RutgersNational Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven
  • R. M. Schmelz
    R. M. SchmelzUniversidad de A Coruña
  • J. P. Sousa
    J. P. SousaUniversidade de Coimbra
  • E. Steenbergen
    E. SteenbergenNational Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), BilthovenDanmark
  • M. Suhadolc
    M. SuhadolcUniversity of Ljubljana
  • Anne Winding
  • M. Zupan
    M. ZupanUniversity of LjubljanaDanmark
  • P. Lemanceau
    P. LemanceauINRA Dijon
  • R. E. Creamer
    R. E. CreamerIrish Agriculture and Food Development Authority (TEAGASC)
The establishment of the range of soil biodiversity found within European soils is needed to guide EU policy development regarding the protection of soil. Such a base-line should be collated from a wide-ranging sampling campaign to ensure that soil biodiversity from the majority of soil types, land-use or management systems, and European climatic (bio-geographical zones) were included. This paper reports the design and testing of a method to achieve the large scale sampling associated with the establishment of such a baseline, carried out within the remit of the EcoFINDERS project, and outlines points to consider when such a task is undertaken.
Applying a GIS spatial selection process, a sampling campaign was undertaken by 13 EcoFINDERS partners across 11 countries providing data on the range of indicators of biodiversity and ecosystem functions including; micro and meso fauna biodiversity, extracellular enzyme activity, PLFA and community level physiological profiling (MicroResp™ and Biolog™). Physical, chemical and bio-geographical parameters of the 81 sites sampled were used to determine whether the model predicted a wide enough range of sites to allow assessment of the biodiversity indicators tested.
Discrimination between the major bio-geographical zones of Atlantic and Continental was possible for all land-use types. Boreal and Alpine zones only allowed discrimination in the most common land-use type for that area e.g. forestry and grassland sites, respectively, while the Mediterranean zone did not have enough sites sampled to draw conclusions across all land-use types. The method used allowed the inclusion of a range of land-uses in both the model prediction stage and the final sites sampled. The establishment of the range of soil biodiversity across Europe is possible, though a larger targeted campaign is recommended. The techniques applied within the EcoFINDERS sampling would be applicable to a larger campaign.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftApplied Soil Ecology
Vol/bind97
Sider (fra-til)3-11
Antal sider9
ISSN0929-1393
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2016

    Emneord

  • Ecosystem function, Europe, Monitoring, Range of soil biodiversity, Soil, Soil biodiversity, Standard operating procedures

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