Groundwater contamination with 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) and perspectives for its microbial removal

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  • Lea Ellegaard-Jensen
  • Benjamin Horemans, KU Leuven, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Heverlee, Belgium, BelgienBart Raes, KU Leuven, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Heverlee, Belgium, BelgienJens Aamand, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Danmark
  • Lars Hestbjerg Hansen
The pesticide metabolite 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) is very persistent in both soil and groundwater and has become one of the most frequently detected groundwater micropollutants. BAM is not removed by the physico-chemical treatment techniques currently used in drinking water treatment plants (DWTP); therefore, if concentrations exceed the legal threshold limit, it represents a sizeable problem for the stability and quality of drinking water production, especially in places that depend on groundwater for drinking water. Bioremediation is suggested as a valuable strategy for removing BAM from groundwater by deploying dedicated BAM-degrading bacteria in DWTP sand filters. Only a few bacterial strains with the capability to degrade BAM have been isolated, and of these, only three isolates belonging to the Aminobacter genus are able to mineralise BAM. Considerable effort has been made to elucidate degradation pathways, kinetics and degrader genes, and research has recently been presented on the application of strain Aminobacter sp. MSH1 for the purification of BAM-contaminated water. The aim of the present review was to provide insight into the issue of BAM contamination and to report on the current status and knowledge with regard to the application of microorganisms for purification of BAM-contaminated water resources. This paper discusses the prospects and challenges for bioaugmentation of DWTP sand filters with specific BAM-degrading bacteria and identifies relevant perspectives for future research.
TidsskriftApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Sider (fra-til)5235–5245
StatusUdgivet - 2017

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