Proto-computational Thinking: The Uncomfortable Underpinnings

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/proceedingBidrag til bog/antologi


    Deborah Gail Tatar, Virginia Tech, Steve Harrison, Virginia Tech, USAMichael Stewart, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia , USAChris Frisina, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia , USA
  • Peter Musaeus
Bidragets oversatte titelProto-Computational Tænkning : Ubekvem Underbygning
The idea of computational thinking (CT) has resulted in widespread action at all levels of the American educational system. Some action focuses on programming, some on cognition, and some on physical action that is seen as embodying computational thinking concepts. In a K–12 educational context, the observation that computing is usually about some non-computational thing can lead to an approach that integrates computational thinking instruction with existing core curricular classes. A social justice argument can be made for this approach, because all students take courses in the core curriculum.
Utilizing university students in co-development activities with teachers, the current study located and implemented opportunities for integrated computational thinking in middle school in a large, suburban, mixed-socioeconomic standing (SES) , mixed-race district. The co-development strategy resulted in plausible theories of change and a number of different educational projects suitable for classroom instruction. However, a major outcome of the study was to advance the importance of proto-computational thinking (PCT). We argue that, in the absence of preexisting use of representational tools for thinking, proto-computational thinking may lead to enhanced facility in computational thinking per se. At the same time, the absence of opportunities for proto-computational thinking may leave students less open to acquiring sophisticated approaches to computational thinking itself. An approach that values proto-computational thinking may be uncomfortable because it calls attention to implicit ceilings in instruction, especially in low-SES circumstances. We argue for addressing those ceilings through proto-computational thinking.
TitelEmerging Research, Practice, and Policy on Computational Thinking
RedaktørerPeter J. Rich, Charles B. Hodges
Antal sider19
ForlagSpringer Publishing Company
KapitelPart I
ISBN (trykt)978-3-319-52690-4
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-3-319-52691-1
StatusUdgivet - 2017
SerietitelEducational Communications and Technology: Issues and Innovations


  • Integrated computational thinking , Proto-computational thinking , Middle school , Sound of Fractions , Critisearch , SES Socio-economic-status

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