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Social identity, safety climate and self-reported accidents among construction workers

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The construction industry has one of the highest frequencies of work-related accidents. We examined whether construction workers predominantly identify themselves in terms of their workgroup or in terms of the construction site. In addition, we examined the associations between social identity and safety climate, and how these constructs are associated with work-related accidents. The analyses were based on questionnaire responses from 478 construction workers from two large construction sites, and the methods involved structural equation modeling. Results showed that the workers identified themselves primarily with their workgroup, and to a lesser degree with the construction site. Social identity and safety climate were related both at the workgroup and construction site levels, meaning that social identity may be an antecedent for safety climate. The association between social identity and safety climate was stronger at the workgroup level than at the construction site level. Finally, safety climate at both levels was inversely associated with self-reported accidents, with the strongest association at the workgroup level. A focus on improving safety climate, particularly by integrating initiatives at both the workgroup and management level, may have the potential to improve safety performance and thus decrease the risk of accidents and injuries on construction sites.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftConstruction Management and Economics
Vol/bind36
Tidsskriftsnummer1
Sider (fra-til)22-31
Antal sider10
ISSN0144-6193
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2018

    Forskningsområder

  • Safety Management, Accidents, SOCIAL IDENTITY, Safety Culture, Safety Leadership

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