Gut microbiota composition may relate to weight loss rate in obese pet dogs

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  • Ida Nordang Kieler, Københavns Universitet, Danmark
  • Shamrulazhar Kamal, Danmark
  • Anne Désiré Vitger, Københavns Universitet, Danmark
  • Dennis S. Nielsen, Department of Food Science, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Danmark
  • Charlotte Lauridsen
  • Charlotte R Bjørnvad, Danmark
Obese dogs seem to have a different gut microbiome (GM) composition compared to lean dogs, and in humans, GM composition may negatively impact the ability to lose weight in some individuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction between exercise, weight-loss and the composition of GM in dogs. Eighteen obese pet dogs were recruited for a 12-week weight-loss intervention. All dogs were fed restrictively with a commercial high-protein/high-fibre dry diet, and eight of these dogs were enrolled in an exercise program in addition to the diet intervention. Faecal samples were collected and the dogs were weighed at week 0, week 6 and week 12. GM composition was determined using MiSeq-based tag-encoded 16S rRNA gene high-throughput amplicon sequencing, and concentrations of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) by gas-liquid chromatography. Total weight loss, food allowance and GM were not changed by exercise inclusion. However, Megamonas abundance negatively correlated with weight loss rate and Ruminococcaceae relative abundance was lower at 12 weeks in dogs with a faster weight loss rate (≥1% per week) compared with slower weight loss rate (<1% per week) independent of exercise. Acetic and propionic acid concentrations decreased in the dogs with a faster weight loss rate. Members of Megamonas and Ruminococcaceae produce acetic and propionic acids and we therefore interpret that having a GM that favour SCFA production may negatively affect weight loss rate in dogs. Weight loss rate in dogs may be related to the composition of the GM and its production of metabolites.
TidsskriftVeterinary Medicine and Science
Sider (fra-til)252-262
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2017

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